Crown Castle Reports Third Quarter 2017 Results, Provides Outlook for Full Year 2018 and Announces 11% Increase to Common Stock Dividend

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| Source: Crown Castle International Corporation
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2017 AFFO growth

2017 AFFO

2017 AFFO growth

Crown Castle International Corporation

2018 Outlook for AFFO growth

2018 AFFO

2018 Outlook for AFFO growth

Crown Castle International Corporation

2018 Outlook Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues, Growth in Site Rental Revenues

2018 Revenues

2018 Outlook Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues, Growth in Site Rental Revenues

Crown Castle International Corporation

HOUSTON, Oct. 18, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Crown Castle International Corp. (NYSE:CCI) ("Crown Castle") today reported results for the quarter ended September 30, 2017.

"We delivered another quarter of excellent financial results that demonstrate the strong operating performance of our business, exceeding our previously provided Outlook for site rental revenues, net income, Adjusted EBITDA and AFFO," stated Jay Brown, Crown Castle’s Chief Executive Officer. "We also increased our quarterly common stock dividend by 11% to $1.05 per share, reflecting our expectation of continued growth in 2018 and the anticipated contribution from the pending acquisition of Lightower, which we expect to close by year-end.  Based on the strong demand we see across each of towers, small cells and fiber, we expect revenue growth to accelerate driven by an increase in new leasing activity in 2018.  Looking beyond 2018, we are excited by the opportunity to leverage our leading asset portfolio to grow our cash flows and deliver on our 7% to 8% long-term annual dividend growth target by capitalizing on the expected exponential growth in demand for data and connectivity.  We believe the combination of our unparalleled portfolio of assets and our industry-leading capabilities across towers, small cells and fiber positions us to meet the evolving needs of our customers while delivering long-term value to our shareholders."

RESULTS FOR THE QUARTER
The table below sets forth select financial results for the three month period ended September 30, 2017 and September 30, 2016.  For further information, refer to the financial statements and non-GAAP, segment and other calculation reconciliations included in this press release. 

(in millions)ActualMidpoint
Q3 2017
Outlook(b)
Actual
Compared to
Outlook
Q3 2017Q3 2016Change% Change
Site rental revenues$893$812+$8110%$891+$2
Net income (loss)$115$98+$1717%$100+$15
Adjusted EBITDA(a)$605$564+$417%$603+$2
AFFO(a)$459$416+$4310%$450+$9
Weighted-average common shares outstanding - diluted   397   338  +5917%    368+29

Note: Figures may not tie due to rounding.

(a) See reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to net income (loss) and definition included herein.

(b) As issued on July 19, 2017.

HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE QUARTER

  • Site rental revenues.  Site rental revenues grew approximately 10%, or $81 million, from third quarter 2016 to third quarter 2017, inclusive of approximately $41 million in Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues plus $52 million in contributions from acquisitions and other items, less a $12 million reduction in straight-lined revenues.  The $41 million in Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues represents approximately 5% growth, comprised of approximately 8% growth from new leasing activity and contracted tenant escalations, net of approximately 3% from tenant non-renewals.
  • Net income (loss).  Net income (loss) for third quarter 2017 was $115 million.
  • AFFO.  AFFO for third quarter 2017 benefited from approximately $5 million in lower than expected sustaining capital expenditures during the quarter.  This benefit is primarily attributable to timing, as the unspent amount from third quarter 2017 is expected to be spent during fourth quarter 2017.
  • Capital expenditures and acquisitions.  Capital expenditures during the quarter were approximately $288 million, comprised of approximately $24 million of land purchases, approximately $24 million of sustaining capital expenditures and approximately $240 million of revenue generating capital expenditures.
  • Common stock dividend.  During the quarter, Crown Castle paid common stock dividends of approximately $386 million in the aggregate, or $0.95 per common share, an increase of approximately 7% on a per share basis compared to the same period a year ago.
  • Financing activities related to pending acquisition of Lightower.  During third quarter 2017, to fund the pending acquisition of LTS Group Holdings LLC ("Lightower"), Crown Castle issued $1.75 billion in aggregate principal amount of senior unsecured notes, $1.65 billion in mandatory convertible preferred stock and 40.15 million shares of common stock (collectively, "Lightower Financings").  The common stock issuance raised approximately $3.8 billion in net proceeds and increased the weighted-average common shares outstanding on a diluted basis by 29 million and 17 million for third quarter 2017 and full year 2017, respectively.  Except for the impact related to the Lightower Financings, the pending acquisition of Lightower did not contribute to results during third quarter 2017.  The acquisition of Lightower is expected to close by year-end 2017, and Crown Castle expects to use the proceeds from the Lightower Financings and borrowings under its revolving credit facility to fund the acquisition at close.

"Our excellent third quarter positions us to end 2017 on a strong note and provides us with momentum entering 2018, as we expect the positive trends impacting our business to continue," stated Dan Schlanger, Crown Castle's Chief Financial Officer.  "Further, as evidenced by our full year 2017 and 2018 Outlook, the strength of our business model and leadership position across towers, small cells and fiber enable us to continue to deliver on our growth targets, invest for the future and return capital to investors through a substantial and growing dividend.  Since 2014, and inclusive of the dividend increase we are announcing today, we have increased our dividend by a compounded annual growth rate of approximately 9%, exceeding our previous long-term target of 6% to 7% annual growth, and we are well-positioned to meet our 7% to 8% long-term annual dividend growth target into the future."

DIVIDEND INCREASE ANNOUNCEMENT
Crown Castle's Board of Directors has declared a quarterly cash dividend of $1.05 per common share, representing an increase of approximately 11% over the previous quarterly dividend of $0.95 per share. The quarterly dividend will be payable on December 29, 2017 to common stockholders of record at the close of business on December 15, 2017.  Future dividends are subject to the approval of Crown Castle's Board of Directors.

OUTLOOK
This Outlook section contains forward-looking statements, and actual results may differ materially.  Information regarding potential risks which could cause actual results to differ from the forward-looking statements herein is set forth below and in Crown Castle's filings with the SEC.

The following table sets forth Crown Castle's current Outlook for fourth quarter 2017, full year 2017 and full year 2018:      

(in millions)Fourth Quarter 2017    Full Year 2017(a)      Full Year 2018(a)   
Site rental revenues$904to$909$3,522to$3,527$4,546to$4,591
Site rental cost of operations(b)$281to$286$1,096to$1,101$1,360to$1,405
Net income (loss)$91to$116$438to$463$515to$595
Adjusted EBITDA(c)$624to$629$2,399to$2,404$3,013to$3,058
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs(d)$159to$164$590to$595$644to$689
FFO(c)$376to$381$1,590to$1,595$1,910to$1,955
AFFO(c)(f)$430to$435$1,779to$1,784$2,219to$2,264
Weighted-average common shares outstanding - diluted(e) 408 383 408

(a) Except for the impact related to the Lightower Financings, the full year 2017 Outlook does not include any contribution from the pending acquisition of Lightower, which is expected to close by year-end 2017.  Full year 2018 Outlook includes the expected contribution from the pending acquisition of Lightower.

(b) Exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion.

(c) See reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to net income (loss) and definition included herein.

(d) See reconciliation of "components of interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs" herein for a discussion of non-cash interest expense.

(e) The assumption for fourth quarter 2017, full year 2017 and full year 2018 diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding is based on diluted common shares outstanding as of September 30, 2017.  For all periods presented, the diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding assumes no conversion of the 6.875% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in the share count.

(f) Our AFFO for historical periods may not be comparable to those periods presented prospectively from and after January 1, 2018, including our full year 2018 Outlook herein.   See "Sustaining capital expenditures" and "Integration capital expenditures" within "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for further information.

Full Year 2017 Outlook
The table below compares the results for full year 2016, the midpoint of the current full year 2017 Outlook and the midpoint of the previously provided full year 2017 Outlook for select metrics. 

 Midpoint of FY 2017 Outlook to
FY 2016 Actual Comparison
Previous
Full Year
2017
Outlook(b)
Current
Compared
to
Previous
Outlook
(in millions)Current
Full Year
2017
Outlook
Full Year
2016 Actual
Change% Change
Site rental revenues$3,525$3,233+$292+9%$3,517+$8
Net income (loss)$451$357+$94+26%$451 
Adjusted EBITDA(a)$2,402$2,228+$174+8%$2,402 
AFFO(a)$1,782$1,610+$172+11%$1,826-$44
Weighted-average common shares outstanding - diluted(c) 383 341 +42+12% 366 +17

(a) See reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to net income (loss) and definition included herein.

(b) As issued on July 19, 2017.  Represents midpoint of Outlook.

(c) The assumption for full year 2017 diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding is based on diluted common shares outstanding as of September 30, 2017.  For all periods presented, the diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding assumes no conversion of the 6.875% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in the share count.

  • The updated full year 2017 Outlook primarily reflects higher than expected results from the third quarter and an expectation of continued strong leasing activity during the fourth quarter, offset by higher repair and maintenance expenses associated with hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria.
  • The full year 2017 Outlook for AFFO is negatively impacted by $44 million from interest expense, net of interest income, and cash dividends paid on preferred stock as a result of the Lightower Financings.  Excluding the impact of the Lightower Financings, the midpoint of the updated full year 2017 Outlook for AFFO is unchanged compared to our previous full year 2017 Outlook at approximately $1.826 billion. Except for the impact from the Lightower Financings, the updated full year 2017 Outlook does not include any contribution from the pending acquisition of Lightower, which is expected to close by year-end 2017.
  • The chart below reconciles the components of expected growth in AFFO from 2016 to 2017 of approximately $172 million at the midpoint.

A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/5c1ee5f2-a3fd-40e9-a852-9deadbcd52f2

Full Year 2018 Outlook
The table below compares the midpoint of the full year 2018 Outlook and the midpoint of the currently provided full year 2017 Outlook for select metrics.

 Midpoint of FY 2018 Outlook to
Midpoint of FY 2017 Outlook
(in millions)Current
Full Year
2018 Outlook(a)
Current
Full Year
2017 Outlook(a)
Change% Change
Site rental revenues$4,569$3,525$1,044+30%
Net income (loss)$555$451$104+23%
Adjusted EBITDA(b)$3,036$2,402$634+26%
AFFO(b)(d)$2,242$1,782$460+26%
Weighted-average common shares outstanding - diluted(c)      408      383 +25+7%

(a) Except for the impact related to the Lightower Financings, the full year 2017 Outlook does not include any contribution from the pending acquisition of Lightower, which is expected to close by year-end 2017.  Full year 2018 Outlook includes the expected contribution from the pending acquisition of Lightower.

(b) See reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to net income (loss) and definition included herein.

(c) The assumption for full year 2017 and full year 2018 diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding is based on diluted common shares outstanding as of September 30, 2017.  For all periods presented, the diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding assumes no conversion of the 6.875% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in the share count.

(d) Our AFFO for historical periods may not be comparable to those periods presented prospectively from and after January 1, 2018, including our full year 2018 Outlook herein.   See "Sustaining capital expenditures" and "Integration capital expenditures" within "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for further information.

  • The full year 2018 Outlook includes the expected contribution from the pending acquisition of Lightower, which is assumed to close on December 31, 2017 for purposes of the full year 2017 Outlook and full year 2018 Outlook.  As previously disclosed, for 2018, the pending acquisition of Lightower is expected to contribute $850 million to $870 million in site rental revenues, $163 million to $213 million in net income, $510 million to $530 million in Adjusted EBITDA and $465 million to $485 million in AFFO before financing costs.  Further, during 2018, Crown Castle expects to incur integration costs of approximately $20 million to $40 million and integration capital expenditures of approximately $20 million to $25 million related to the pending acquisition of Lightower.
  • The chart below reconciles the components of expected growth in site rental revenues from 2017 to 2018 of $1.020 billion to $1.065 billion, inclusive of expected Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues during 2018 of $185 million to $225 million compared to the midpoint of full year 2017 Outlook of $166 million.

A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/0276ce80-dbf2-4672-9e62-bd36435236a8

  • New leasing activity is expected to contribute $190 million to $220 million to 2018 Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues, consisting of new leasing activity from Towers of $100 million to $115 million and Small Cells of $90 million to $105 million. In comparison to full year 2017, Towers new leasing activity is expected to be modestly higher, and Small Cells new leasing activity is expected to increase by approximately $30 million.
  • Acquisitions of FPL FiberNet Holdings, LLC ("FiberNet") and Wilcon Holdings LLC ("Wilcon"), both of which closed during 2017, and the pending acquisition of Lightower are collectively expected to contribute between $885 million and $905 million to site rental revenues during 2018.
  • The chart below reconciles the components of expected growth in AFFO from 2017 to 2018 of between $440 million and $480 million.

A photo accompanying this announcement is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/bb386893-b90a-417c-bd93-15e8cb787b6a

  • Incremental contribution to AFFO from the pending acquisition of Lightower is expected to be approximately $335 million to $355 million, net of the incremental financing expenses compared to 2017.
  • Additional information is available in Crown Castle's quarterly Supplemental Information Package posted in the Investors section of its website.

CONFERENCE CALL DETAILS
Crown Castle has scheduled a conference call for Thursday, October 19, 2017, at 10:30 a.m. Eastern time to discuss its third quarter 2017 results.  The conference call may be accessed by dialing 888-211-9963 and asking for the Crown Castle call (access code 7075767) at least 30 minutes prior to the start time.  The conference call may also be accessed live over the Internet at http://investor.crowncastle.com.  Supplemental materials for the call have been posted on the Crown Castle website at http://investor.crowncastle.com.

A telephonic replay of the conference call will be available from 1:30 p.m. Eastern time on Thursday, October 19, 2017, through 1:30 p.m. Eastern time on Wednesday, January 17, 2018, and may be accessed by dialing 888-203-1112 and using access code 7075767.  An audio archive will also be available on the company's website at http://investor.crowncastle.com shortly after the call and will be accessible for approximately 90 days.

ABOUT CROWN CASTLE
Crown Castle provides wireless carriers with the infrastructure they need to keep people connected and businesses running. With approximately 40,000 towers and over 60,000 route miles of fiber supporting small cells following the completion of the Lightower acquisition, Crown Castle is the nation's largest provider of shared wireless infrastructure with a significant presence in the top 100 U.S. markets.  For more information on Crown Castle, please visit www.crowncastle.com.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations

This press release includes presentations of Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO"), Funds from Operations ("FFO") and Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues, which are non-GAAP financial measures.  These non-GAAP financial measures are not intended as alternative measures of operating results or cash flow from operations (as determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP")).

Our measures of Adjusted EBITDA, AFFO, FFO and Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies, including other companies in the wireless infrastructure sector or other real estate investment trusts ("REITs").  Our definition of FFO is consistent with guidelines from the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts with the exception of the impact of income taxes in periods prior to our REIT conversion.

In addition to the non-GAAP financial measures used herein, we also provide Segment Site Rental Gross Margin, Segment Network Services and Other Gross Margin and Segment Operating Profit, which are key measures used by management to evaluate our operating segments for purposes of making decisions about allocating capital and assessing performance.  These segment measures are provided pursuant to GAAP requirements related to segment reporting.  In addition, we provide the components of certain GAAP measures, such as capital expenditures.

Adjusted EBITDA, AFFO, FFO and Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues are presented as additional information because management believes these measures are useful indicators of the financial performance of our business.  Among other things, management believes that:

  • Adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors or other interested parties in evaluating our financial performance.  Adjusted EBITDA is the primary measure used by management (1) to evaluate the economic productivity of our operations and (2) for purposes of making decisions about allocating resources to, and assessing the performance of, our operations.  Management believes that Adjusted EBITDA helps investors or other interested parties meaningfully evaluate and compare the results of our operations (1) from period to period and (2) to our competitors, by removing the impact of our capital structure (primarily interest charges from our outstanding debt) and asset base (primarily depreciation, amortization and accretion) from our financial results.  Management also believes Adjusted EBITDA is frequently used by investors or other interested parties in the evaluation of the wireless infrastructure sector and other REITs to measure financial performance without regard to items such as depreciation, amortization and accretion which can vary depending upon accounting methods and the book value of assets.  In addition, Adjusted EBITDA is similar to the measure of current financial performance generally used in our debt covenant calculations.  Adjusted EBITDA should be considered only as a supplement to net income computed in accordance with GAAP as a measure of our performance.
  • AFFO is useful to investors or other interested parties in evaluating our financial performance.  Management believes that AFFO helps investors or other interested parties meaningfully evaluate our financial performance as it includes (1) the impact of our capital structure (primarily interest expense on our outstanding debt and dividends on our preferred stock) and (2) sustaining capital expenditures, and excludes the impact of our (a) asset base (primarily depreciation, amortization and accretion) and (b) certain non-cash items, including straight-lined revenues and expenses related to fixed escalations and rent free periods.  GAAP requires rental revenues and expenses related to leases that contain specified rental increases over the life of the lease to be recognized evenly over the life of the lease.  In accordance with GAAP, if payment terms call for fixed escalations, or rent free periods, the revenue or expense is recognized on a straight-lined basis over the fixed, non-cancelable term of the contract.  Management notes that Crown Castle uses AFFO only as a performance measure.  AFFO should be considered only as a supplement to net income computed in accordance with GAAP as a measure of our performance and should not be considered as an alternative to cash flows from operations or as residual cash flow available for discretionary investment.
  • FFO is useful to investors or other interested parties in evaluating our financial performance.  Management believes that FFO may be used by investors or other interested parties as a basis to compare our financial performance with that of other REITs.  FFO helps investors or other interested parties meaningfully evaluate financial performance by excluding the impact of our asset base (primarily depreciation, amortization and accretion). FFO is not a key performance indicator used by Crown Castle.  FFO should be considered only as a supplement to net income computed in accordance with GAAP as a measure of our performance and should not be considered as an alternative to cash flow from operations.
  • Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues is useful to investors or other interested parties in understanding the components of the year-over-year changes in our site rental revenues computed in accordance with GAAP.  Management uses the Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues to assess year-over-year growth rates for our rental activities, to evaluate current performance, to capture trends in rental rates, new leasing activities and customer non-renewals in our core business, as well to forecast future results. Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues is not meant as an alternative measure of revenue and should be considered only as a supplement in understanding and assessing the performance of our site rental revenues computed in accordance with GAAP.

We define our non-GAAP financial measures, segment measures and other calculations as follows:

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA. We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) plus restructuring charges (credits), asset write-down charges, acquisition and integration costs, depreciation, amortization and accretion, amortization of prepaid lease purchase price adjustments, interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs, gains (losses) on retirement of long-term obligations, net gain (loss) on interest rate swaps, gains (losses) on foreign currency swaps, impairment of available-for-sale securities, interest income, other income (expense), benefit (provision) for income taxes, cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle, income (loss) from discontinued operations and stock-based compensation expense.

Adjusted Funds from Operations.  We define Adjusted Funds from Operations as FFO before straight-lined revenue, straight-lined expense, stock-based compensation expense, non-cash portion of tax provision, non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion, amortization of non-cash interest expense, other (income) expense, gain (loss) on retirement of long-term obligations, net gain (loss) on interest rate swaps, gains (losses) on foreign currency swaps, acquisition and integration costs, and adjustments for noncontrolling interests, and less capital improvement capital expenditures and corporate capital expenditures (i.e., sustaining capital expenditures).  See "Sustaining capital expenditures" and "Integration capital expenditures" below for further information regarding our calculation of certain components of AFFO.

Funds from Operations. We define Funds from Operations as net income plus real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion and asset write-down charges, less noncontrolling interest and cash paid for preferred stock dividends, and is a measure of funds from operations attributable to CCIC common stockholders.

Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues. We define the Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues as the sum of the change in GAAP site rental revenues related to (1) new leasing activity, including revenues from the construction of small cells and the impact of prepaid rent, (2) escalators and less (3) non-renewals of customer contracts.

Segment Measures

Segment Site Rental Gross Margin.  We define Segment Site Rental Gross Margin as segment site rental revenues less segment site rental cost of operations, excluding stock-based compensation expense and prepaid lease purchase price adjustments recorded in consolidated site rental cost of operations.

Segment Network Services and Other Gross Margin.  We define Segment Network Services and Other Gross Margin as segment network services and other revenues less segment network services and other cost of operations, excluding stock-based compensation expense recorded in consolidated network services and other cost of operations.

Segment Operating Profit.  We define Segment Operating Profit as segment revenues less segment cost of operations and segment general and administrative expenses, excluding stock-based compensation expense and prepaid lease purchase price adjustments recorded in cost of operations.

Other Calculations

Discretionary capital expenditures.  We define discretionary capital expenditures as those capital expenditures made with respect to activities which we believe exhibit sufficient potential to enhance long-term stockholder value. They consist of (1) improvements to existing wireless infrastructure and construction of new wireless infrastructure (collectively referred to as "revenue generating") and (2) purchases of land assets under towers as we seek to manage our interests in the land beneath our towers.

Sustaining capital expenditures.  We define sustaining capital expenditures as those capital expenditures made with respect to either (1) corporate capital expenditures, such as buildings, information technology equipment and office equipment or (2) capital improvement capital expenditures to our wireless infrastructure assets that enable our customers' ongoing quiet enjoyment of the wireless infrastructure.  For periods presented prior to 2018, integration capital expenditures are included within sustaining capital expenditures, as discussed in "Integration capital expenditures" below.

Integration capital expenditures.  Upon the closing of the pending Lightower acquisition, we anticipate incurring initial capital expenditures related to integrating Lightower into our existing business.  We anticipate that the majority of these expected capital expenditures will primarily relate to the overall integration of Lightower’s information technology assets into our business.  We believe these expenditures are not indicative of our ongoing financial performance, and therefore their inclusion in our AFFO may hinder usefulness to investors and other interested parties.  Moreover, integration capital expenditures were approximately $3.2 million, $0.1 million, and $0.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and as such, we believe that these costs have not previously been significant enough to warrant separate consideration with regard to the impact to AFFO.

As such, for periods presented prior to 2018, integration capital expenditures were included as a component within sustaining capital expenditures.  For periods presented beginning January 1, 2018, including our full year 2018 Outlook included herein, we no longer reflect integration capital expenditures within sustaining capital expenditures and consider integration capital expenditures as its own component of our capital expenditures.

Because of our reclassification of integration capital expenditures, our AFFO for historical periods may not be comparable to those periods presented prospectively from and after January 1, 2018, including our full year 2018 Outlook herein.

We define integration capital expenditures as those capital expenditures made specifically with respect to recent acquisitions that are essential to integrating acquired companies into our business.

The tables set forth below reconcile the non-GAAP financial measures used herein to comparable GAAP financial measures.  The components in these tables may not sum to the total due to rounding.

Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations to Comparable GAAP Financial Measures:

Reconciliation of Historical Adjusted EBITDA:

 For the Three Months Ended For the Twelve Months Ended
 September 30, 2017 September 30, 2016 December 31, 2016
(in millions)     
Net income (loss)$115.2  $98.4  $357.0 
Adjustments to increase (decrease) net income (loss):     
Asset write-down charges5.3  8.3  34.5 
Acquisition and integration costs13.2  2.7  17.5 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion296.0  280.8  1,108.6 
Amortization of prepaid lease purchase price adjustments5.0  5.4  21.3 
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs(a)154.1  129.9  515.0 
Gains (losses) on retirement of long-term obligations  10.3  52.3 
Interest income(11.2) (0.2) (0.8)
Other income (expense)  0.8  8.8 
Benefit (provision) for income taxes2.4  5.0  16.9 
Stock-based compensation expense24.7  22.6  96.5 
Adjusted EBITDA(b)(c)$604.8  $564.1  $2,227.5 

(a) See the reconciliation of "components of interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs" herein for a discussion of non-cash interest expense.
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definition of Adjusted EBITDA.
(c) The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.

Reconciliation of Current Outlook for Adjusted EBITDA:

 Q4 2017 Full Year 2017 Full Year 2018
(in millions)Outlook Outlook Outlook
Net income (loss)$91 to$116 $438 to$463  $515 to$595
Adjustments to increase (decrease) net income (loss):           
Asset write-down charges$9 to$11 $19 to$21  $35 to$45
Acquisition and integration costs$11 to$15 $38 to$42  $64 to$74
Depreciation, amortization and accretion$296 to$310 $1,176 to$1,190  $1,508 to$1,544
Amortization of prepaid lease purchase price adjustments$4 to$6 $19 to$21  $19 to$21
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs(a)$159 to$164 $590 to$595  $644 to$689
Gains (losses) on retirement of long-term obligations$0 to$0 $4 to$4  $0 to$0
Interest income$(1)to$1 $(14)to$(12) $(2)to$2
Other income (expense)$(1)to$3 $(4)to$0  $3 to$5
Benefit (provision) for income taxes$3 to$7 $14 to$18  $32 to$40
Stock-based compensation expense$23 to$25 $89 to$91  $115 to$120
Adjusted EBITDA(b)(c)$624 to$629 $2,399 to$2,404  $3,013 to$3,058

(a) See the reconciliation of "components of interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs" herein for a discussion of non-cash interest expense.
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definition of Adjusted EBITDA.
(c) The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.

Reconciliation of Historical FFO and AFFO:

 For the Three Months Ended For the Nine Months Ended For the Twelve Months Ended
(in millions)September 30, 2017 September 30, 2016 September 30, 2017 September 30, 2016 December 31, 2016
Net income (loss)$115.2  $98.4  $346.4  $232.3  $357.0 
Real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion287.9  274.2  857.3  815.1  1,082.1 
Asset write-down charges5.3  8.3  10.3  28.3  34.5 
Dividends on preferred stock  (11.0)   (33.0) (44.0)
FFO(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)$408.4  $369.9  $1,214.0  $1,042.6  $1,429.5 
          
FFO (from above)$408.4  $369.9  $1,214.0  $1,042.6  $1,429.5 
Adjustments to increase (decrease) FFO:         
Straight-lined revenue3.4  (8.8) 3.0  (42.4) (47.4)
Straight-lined expense24.0  23.5  69.9  71.1  94.2 
Stock-based compensation expense24.7  22.6  66.5  75.3  96.5 
Non-cash portion of tax provision(1.5) 3.5  (2.7) 5.2  7.3 
Non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion8.1  6.6  22.9  19.6  26.5 
Amortization of non-cash interest expense2.4  3.3  7.6  11.3  14.3 
Other (income) expense  0.8  (3.5) 4.6  8.8 
Gains (losses) on retirement of long-term obligations  10.3  3.5  52.3  52.3 
Acquisition and integration costs13.2  2.7  27.1  11.5  17.5 
Capital improvement capital expenditures(10.9) (10.0) (27.3) (25.4) (42.8)
Corporate capital expenditures(13.4) (8.5) (32.4) (22.4) (46.9)
AFFO(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)$458.5  $415.8  $1,348.6  $1,203.5  $1,609.9 

(a) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definitions of FFO and AFFO.

(b) FFO and AFFO are reduced by cash paid for preferred stock dividends during the period in which they are paid. 

(c) Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding were 397.0 million, 338.4 million, 375.0 million, 337.1 million and 340.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 and the twelve months ended December 31, 2016, respectively.  For all periods presented, the diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding assumes no conversion of the 6.875% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in the share count.

(d) The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.

(e) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.

Reconciliation of Current Outlook for FFO and AFFO:

 Q4 2017 Full Year 2017 Full Year 2018
(in millions)Outlook Outlook Outlook
Net income (loss)$91 to$116  $438 to$463  $515 to$595 
Real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion$290 to$300  $1,147 to$1,157  $1,442 to$1,463 
Asset write-down charges$9 to$11  $19 to$21  $35 to$45 
Dividends on preferred stock$(30)to$(30) $(30)to$(30) $(113)to$(113)
FFO(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)$376 to$381  $1,590 to$1,595  $1,910 to$1,955 
            
FFO (from above)$376 to$381  $1,590 to$1,595  $1,910 to$1,955 
Adjustments to increase (decrease) FFO:           
Straight-lined revenue$5 to$10  $8 to$13  $57 to$77 
Straight-lined expense$20 to$25  $90 to$95  $70 to$90 
Stock-based compensation expense$23 to$25  $89 to$91  $115 to$120 
Non-cash portion of tax provision$(2)to$3  $(4)to$1  $(7)to$8 
Non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion$6 to$10  $29 to$33  $66 to$81 
Amortization of non-cash interest expense$1 to$6  $9 to$14  $6 to$16 
Other (income) expense$(1)to$3  $(4)to$0  $3 to$5 
Gains (losses) on retirement of long-term obligations$0 to$0  $4 to$4  $0 to$0 
Acquisition and integration costs$11 to$15  $38 to$42  $64 to$74 
Capital improvement capital expenditures$(11)to$(6) $(39)to$(34) $(73)to$(63)
Corporate capital expenditures$(19)to$(14) $(52)to$(47) $(53)to$(43)
AFFO(a)(b)(c)(d)(e)(f)$430 to$435  $1,779 to$1,784  $2,219 to$2,264 

(a) The assumption for fourth quarter 2017, full year 2017 and full year 2018 diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding is 408.0 million, 383.4 million and 408.0 million, respectively, based on diluted common shares outstanding as of September 30, 2017.  For all periods presented, the diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding assumes no conversion of 6.875% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock in the share count. 
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion for our definitions of FFO and AFFO.
(c) FFO and AFFO are reduced by cash paid for preferred stock dividends during the period in which they are paid.
(d) The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.
(e) Attributable to CCIC common stockholders.
(f) Our AFFO for historical periods may not be comparable to those periods presented prospectively from and after January 1, 2018, including our full year 2018 Outlook herein.   See "Sustaining capital expenditures" and "Integration capital expenditures" within "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" for further information.

For Comparative Purposes - Reconciliation of Previous Outlook for Adjusted EBITDA:

 Previously Issued Previously Issued
 Q3 2017 Full Year 2017
(in millions)Outlook Outlook
Net income (loss)$90 to$110 $426 to$476
Adjustments to increase (decrease) net income (loss):       
Asset write-down charges$9 to$11 $20 to$30
Acquisition and integration costs$8 to$12 $28 to$38
Depreciation, amortization and accretion$296 to$310 $1,178 to$1,208
Amortization of prepaid lease purchase price adjustments$4 to$6 $19 to$21
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs$142 to$147 $552 to$582
Gains (losses) on retirement of long-term obligations$0 to$0 $4 to$4
Interest income$(1)to$1 $(3)to$1
Other income (expense)$(1)to$3 $(2)to$0
Benefit (provision) for income taxes$3 to$7 $14 to$22
Stock-based compensation expense$24 to$26 $89 to$94
Adjusted EBITDA(a)(b)$600 to$605 $2,389 to$2,414

(a) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definition of Adjusted EBITDA.
(b) The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.

For Comparative Purposes - Reconciliation of Previous Outlook for FFO and AFFO:

 Previously Issued Previously Issued
 Q3 2017 Full Year 2017
(in millions)Outlook Outlook
Net income (loss)$90 to$110  $426 to$476 
Real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion$291 to$301  $1,154 to$1,174 
Asset write-down charges$9 to$11  $20 to$30 
FFO(a)(b)(c)$404 to$409  $1,623 to$1,653 
        
FFO (from above)$404 to$409  $1,623 to$1,653 
Adjustments to increase (decrease) FFO:       
Straight-lined revenue$0 to$5  $4 to$19 
Straight-lined expense$20 to$25  $81 to$96 
Stock-based compensation expense$24 to$26  $89 to$94 
Non-cash portion of tax provision$(2)to$3  $(6)to$4 
Non-real estate related depreciation, amortization and accretion$5 to$9  $24 to$34 
Amortization of non-cash interest expense$2 to$5  $9 to$15 
Other (income) expense$(1)to$3  $(2)to$0 
Gains (losses) on retirement of long-term obligations$0 to$0  $4 to$4 
Acquisition and integration costs$8 to$12  $28 to$38 
Capital improvement capital expenditures$(15)to$(10) $(41)to$(31)
Corporate capital expenditures$(19)to$(14) $(53)to$(43)
AFFO(a)(b)(c)$447 to$452  $1,813 to$1,838 

(a) Previously issued third quarter 2017 and full year 2017 outlook assumes diluted common shares outstanding as of June 30, 2017 of approximately 367.5 million and 365.7 million, respectively.
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion for our definitions of FFO and AFFO.
(c) The above reconciliation excludes line items included in our definition which are not applicable for the periods shown.

The components of changes in site rental revenues for the quarters ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:

 Three Months Ended September 30,
(in millions)2017 2016
Components of changes in site rental revenues(f):   
Prior year site rental revenues exclusive of straight-line associated with fixed escalators(a)(c)$803  $737 
    
New leasing activity(a)(c)40  45 
Escalators21  22 
Non-renewals(20) (20)
Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues(d)41  47 
Straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalators(3) 9 
Acquisitions and builds(b)52  19 
Other   
Total GAAP site rental revenues$893  $812 
    
Year-over-year changes in revenue:   
Reported GAAP site rental revenues10.0%  
Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues(d)(e)5.1%  

(a) Includes revenues from amortization of prepaid rent in accordance with GAAP.

(b) The financial impact of acquisitions, as measured by the initial contribution, and tower builds is excluded from Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues until the one-year anniversary of the acquisition or build.

(c) Includes revenues from the construction of new small cell nodes, exclusive of straight-lined revenues related to fixed escalators.

(d) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein.

(e) Calculated as the percentage change from prior year site rental revenues exclusive of straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalations compared to Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues for the current period.

(f) Additional information regarding Crown Castle's site rental revenues including projected revenue from customer licenses, tenant non-renewals, straight-lined revenues and prepaid rent is available in Crown Castle's quarterly Supplemental Information Package posted in the Investors section of its website.

The components of the changes in site rental revenues for the year ending December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2018 are forecasted as follows:

(in millions)Midpoint of
Full Year
2017 Outlook
 
Full Year 
2018 Outlook
Components of changes in site rental revenues(g):   
Prior year site rental revenues exclusive of straight-line associated with fixed escalators(a)(c)$3,186  $3,534 
    
New leasing activity(a)(c) 172  190-220
Escalators 84  80-90
Non-renewals (90) (95)-(75)
Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues(d) 166  185-225
Straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalators (10) (65)-(45)
Acquisitions and builds(b) 183  885-905
Other     
Total GAAP site rental revenues$3,525  $4,546-$4,591
    
Year-over-year changes in revenue:(f)   
Reported GAAP site rental revenues 9.0%  29.6%
Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues(d)(e) 5.2%  5.8%

(a) Includes revenues from amortization of prepaid rent in accordance with GAAP.

(b) The financial impact of acquisitions, as measured by the initial contribution, and tower builds is excluded from Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues until the one-year anniversary of the acquisition or build.

(c) Includes revenues from the construction of new small cell nodes, exclusive of straight-lined revenues related to fixed escalators.

(d) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein.

(e) Calculated as the percentage change from prior year site rental revenues exclusive of straight-lined revenues associated with fixed escalations compared to Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues for the current period.

(f) Calculated based on midpoint of Full Year 2017 Outlook and Full Year 2018 Outlook.

(g) Additional information regarding Crown Castle's site rental revenues including projected revenue from customer licenses, tenant non-renewals, straight-lined revenues and prepaid rent is available in Crown Castle's quarterly Supplemental Information Package posted in the Investors section of its website.

Components of Historical Interest Expense and Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs:

 For the Three Months Ended
(in millions)September 30, 2017 September 30, 2016
Interest expense on debt obligations$151.8  $126.6 
Amortization of deferred financing costs and adjustments on long-term debt, net4.9  4.6 
Other, net(2.5) (1.3)
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs$154.1  $129.9 

Components of Current Outlook for Interest Expense and Amortization of Deferred Financing Costs:

 Q4 2017 Full Year 2017 Full Year 2018
(in millions)Outlook Outlook Outlook
Interest expense on debt obligations$157 to$162  $580 to$585  $645 to$665 
Amortization of deferred financing costs and adjustments on long-term debt, net$4 to$7  $18 to$21  $17 to$22 
Other, net$(3)to$(1) $(9)to$(7) $(11)to$(6)
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs$159 to$164  $590 to$595  $644 to$689 

Debt balances and maturity dates as of September 30, 2017 are as follows:

(in millions)Face Value Final Maturity
Bank debt - variable rate:   
2016 Revolver$  Aug. 2022
2016 Term Loan A2,416.3 Aug. 2022
Total bank debt2,416.3  
Securitized debt - fixed rate:   
Secured Notes, Series 2009-1, Class A-1(a)37.9 Aug. 2019
Secured Notes, Series 2009-1, Class A-2(a)70.0 Aug. 2029
Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2010-3(b)1,250.0 Jan. 2040
Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2010-6(b)1,000.0 Aug. 2040
Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2015-1(b)300.0 May 2042
Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2015-2(b)700.0 May 2045
Total securitized debt3,357.9  
Bonds - fixed rate:   
5.250% Senior Notes1,650.0 Jan. 2023
3.849% Secured Notes1,000.0 Apr. 2023
4.875% Senior Notes850.0 Apr. 2022
3.400% Senior Notes850.0 Feb. 2021
4.450% Senior Notes900.0 Feb. 2026
3.700% Senior Notes750.0 June 2026
2.250% Senior Notes700.0 Sept. 2021
4.000% Senior Notes500.0 Mar. 2027
4.750% Senior Notes350.0 May 2047
3.200% Senior Notes750.0 Sept. 2024
3.650% Senior Notes1,000.0 Sept. 2027
Total bonds9,300.0  
Capital leases and other obligations237.7  Various
Total Debt$15,311.9   
Less: Cash and Cash Equivalents(c)$6,719.1   
Net Debt$8,592.8   

(a) The Senior Secured Notes, Series 2009-1, Class A-1 principal amortizes during the period beginning January 2010 and ending in 2019 and the Senior Secured Notes, 2009-1, Class A-2 principal amortizes during the period beginning in 2019 and ending in 2029.

(b) The Senior Secured Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2010-3 and 2010-6 have anticipated repayment dates in 2020.  The Senior Secured Tower Revenue Notes, Series 2015-1 and 2015-2 have anticipated repayment dates in 2022 and 2025, respectively.

(c) Excludes restricted cash.

Net Debt to Last Quarter Annualized Adjusted EBITDA is computed as follows:

(in millions)For the Three Months
Ended September 30, 2017
Total face value of debt$15,311.9 
Ending cash and cash equivalents(a)6,719.1 
Total Net Debt$8,592.8 
   
Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended September 30, 2017$604.8 
Last quarter annualized adjusted EBITDA2,419.2 
Net Debt to Last Quarter Annualized Adjusted EBITDA3.6x(b)

(a) Excludes restricted cash.

(b) The Net Debt to Last Quarter Annualized Adjusted EBITDA calculation does not give effect to (1) the pending Lightower acquisition, as this pending acquisition is expected to close during the fourth quarter of 2017 and (2) the Company's expected use of cash proceeds from the Lightower Financings to fund the pending Lightower acquisition.

Components of Capital Expenditures:

 For the Three Months Ended
(in millions)September 30, 2017 September 30, 2016
 TowersSmall CellsOtherTotal TowersSmall CellsOtherTotal
Discretionary:         
Purchases of land interests$23.7 $ $ $23.7  $17.4 $ $ $17.4 
Wireless infrastructure construction and improvements72.5 167.8  240.3  76.6 108.6  185.2 
Sustaining:         
Capital improvement and corporate12.5 3.9 7.9 24.2  9.7 3.2 5.6 18.5 
Total$108.6 $171.7 $7.9 $288.2  $103.7 $111.8 $5.6 $221.1 

Note: See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for further discussion of our components of capital expenditures.

Cautionary Language Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements and information that are based on our management's current expectations.  Such statements include our Outlook and plans, projections, and estimates regarding (1) potential benefits, returns, opportunities and shareholder value which may be derived from our business, assets, investments, acquisitions (including the pending acquisition of Lightower) and dividends, including on a long-term basis, (2) our strategy, strategic position, business model and capabilities  and the strength of our business, (3) needs of and demand from our customers, and the benefits which may be derived therefrom, (4) growth in demand for data and connectivity and the benefits which may be derived therefrom, (5) our growth, including our revenue growth, long-term prospects and the trends impacting our business, (6) the pending acquisition of Lightower, including financing and timing thereof, quality of Lightower's assets, integration costs and capital expenditures resulting therefrom and the potential benefits and contributions which may be derived from such acquisition, including (a) improvements to or enhancements of our asset portfolio, growth and industry position and (b) contribution to or impact on our financial or operating results, including site rental revenues, Adjusted EBITDA, net income and AFFO, (7) use of proceeds from the Lightower Financings, (8) leasing environment and activity, 9) our investments, including in towers, small cells, fiber and other assets, and the potential growth, returns and benefits therefrom, (10) our dividends, including our dividend plans and the amount of our dividends and dividend growth rate and targets, (11) demand for our wireless infrastructure (including fiber and small cells) and services, (12) tenant non-renewals, including the impact thereof, (13) capital expenditures, including sustaining capital expenditures and integration capital expenditures and the timing thereof, (14) straight-line adjustments, (15) site rental revenues and estimated growth thereof, (16) site rental cost of operations, (17) net income (loss), (18) Adjusted EBITDA, (19) expenses, including interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs, (20) FFO, (21) AFFO and estimated growth thereof, (22) Organic Contribution to Site Rental Revenues, (23) our weighted-average common shares outstanding, including on a diluted basis, (24) network services contribution and (25) the utility of certain financial measures, including non-GAAP financial measures.  Such forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions prevailing market conditions and the following:

  • Our business depends on the demand for our wireless infrastructure, driven primarily by demand for wireless connectivity, and we may be adversely affected by any slowdown in such demand.  Additionally, a reduction in the amount or change in the mix of carrier network investment may materially and adversely affect our business (including reducing demand for tenant additions and network services).
  • A substantial portion of our revenues is derived from a small number of customers, and the loss, consolidation or financial instability of any of our limited number of customers may materially decrease revenues or reduce demand for our wireless infrastructure and network services.
  • The business model for small cells contains certain differences from our traditional site rental business, resulting in different operational risks.  If we do not successfully operate that business model or identify or manage those operational risks, such operations may produce results that are less than anticipated.
  • Our substantial level of indebtedness could adversely affect our ability to react to changes in our business, and the terms of our debt instruments limit our ability to take a number of actions that our management might otherwise believe to be in our best interests.  In addition, if we fail to comply with our covenants, our debt could be accelerated.
  • We have a substantial amount of indebtedness.  In the event we do not repay or refinance such indebtedness, we could face substantial liquidity issues and might be required to issue equity securities or securities convertible into equity securities, or sell some of our assets to meet our debt payment obligations.
  • Sales or issuances of a substantial number of shares of our common stock may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
  • As a result of competition in our industry, we may find it more difficult to achieve favorable rental rates on our new or renewing tenant leases.
  • New technologies may reduce demand for our wireless infrastructure or negatively impact our revenues.
  • The expansion or development of our business, including through acquisitions, increased product offerings or other strategic growth opportunities, may cause disruptions in our business, which may have an adverse effect on our business, operations or financial results.
  • If we fail to retain rights to our wireless infrastructure, including the land interests under our towers, our business may be adversely affected.
  • Our network services business has historically experienced significant volatility in demand, which reduces the predictability of our results.
  • New wireless technologies may not deploy or be adopted by customers as rapidly or in the manner projected.
  • If we fail to comply with laws or regulations which regulate our business and which may change at any time, we may be fined or even lose our right to conduct some of our business.
  • If radio frequency emissions from wireless handsets or equipment on our wireless infrastructure are demonstrated to cause negative health effects, potential future claims could adversely affect our operations, costs or revenues.
  • Certain provisions of our restated certificate of incorporation, amended and restated by-laws and operative agreements, and domestic and international competition laws may make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us or for us to acquire control of a third party, even if such a change in control would be beneficial to our stockholders.
  • We may be vulnerable to security breaches that could adversely affect our business, operations, and reputation.
  • The pending Lightower acquisition may not be completed within the expected timeframe, if at all, and the pendency of such acquisition could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
  • We may fail to realize all of the anticipated benefits of the pending Lightower acquisition or those benefits may take longer to realize than expected. We may also encounter significant difficulties in integrating Lightower’s business.
  • Future dividend payments to our stockholders will reduce the availability of our cash on hand available to fund future discretionary investments, and may result in a need to incur indebtedness or issue equity securities to fund growth opportunities.  In such event, the then current economic, credit market or equity market conditions will impact the availability or cost of such financing, which may hinder our ability to grow our per share results of operations.
  • Remaining qualified to be taxed as a REIT involves highly technical and complex provisions of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code.  Failure to remain qualified as a REIT would result in our inability to deduct dividends to stockholders when computing our taxable income, which would reduce our available cash.
  • Complying with REIT requirements, including the 90% distribution requirement, may limit our flexibility or cause us to forgo otherwise attractive opportunities, including certain discretionary investments and potential financing alternatives.
  • REIT related ownership limitations and transfer restrictions may prevent or restrict certain transfers of our capital stock.
  • If we fail to pay scheduled dividends on the 6.875% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, in cash, common stock, or any combination of cash and common stock, we will be prohibited from paying dividends on our common stock, which may jeopardize our status as a REIT.

Should one or more of these or other risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those expected. More information about potential risk factors which could affect our results is included in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  As used in this release, the term "including," and any variation thereof, means "including without limitation."

 
CROWN CASTLE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except share amounts)
 
 September 30,
 2017
 December 31,
 2016
    
ASSETS   
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$6,719,134  $567,599 
Restricted cash115,730  124,547 
Receivables, net317,856  373,532 
Prepaid expenses167,235  128,721 
Other current assets154,600  130,362 
Total current assets7,474,555  1,324,761 
Deferred site rental receivables1,285,547  1,317,658 
Property and equipment, net10,599,604  9,805,315 
Goodwill6,905,922  5,757,676 
Other intangible assets, net3,885,311  3,650,072 
Long-term prepaid rent and other assets, net860,817  819,610 
Total assets$31,011,756  $22,675,092 
    
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY   
Current liabilities:   
Accounts payable$179,335  $188,516 
Accrued interest99,467  97,019 
Deferred revenues387,447  353,005 
Other accrued liabilities268,424  221,066 
Current maturities of debt and other obligations114,198  101,749 
Total current liabilities1,048,871  961,355 
Debt and other long-term obligations15,090,217  12,069,393 
Other long-term liabilities2,200,336  2,087,229 
Total liabilities18,339,424  15,117,977 
Commitments and contingencies   
CCIC stockholders' equity:   
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 600,000,000 shares authorized; shares issued and outstanding: September 30, 2017—406,274,802 and December 31, 2016—360,536,6594,063  3,605 
6.875% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series A, $0.01 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized; shares issued and outstanding: September 30, 2017—1,650,000 and December 31, 2016—0; aggregate liquidation value: September 30, 2017—$1,650,000 and December 31, 2016—$017   
Additional paid-in capital16,818,738  10,938,236 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(4,959) (5,888)
Dividends/distributions in excess of earnings(4,145,527) (3,378,838)
Total equity12,672,332  7,557,115 
Total liabilities and equity$31,011,756  $22,675,092 


 
CROWN CASTLE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2017 2016 2017 2016
Net revenues:       
Site rental$892,763  $812,032  $2,618,505  $2,415,926 
Network services and other170,475  179,984  499,010  472,883 
Net revenues1,063,238  992,016  3,117,515  2,888,809 
Operating expenses:       
Costs of operations (exclusive of depreciation, amortization and accretion):       
Site rental280,667  256,750  814,969  762,223 
Network services and other106,707  109,228  310,137  286,066 
General and administrative100,772  89,941  299,232  278,909 
Asset write-down charges5,312  8,339  10,284  28,251 
Acquisition and integration costs13,180  2,680  27,080  11,459 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion296,033  280,824  880,197  834,725 
Total operating expenses802,671  747,762  2,341,899  2,201,633 
Operating income (loss)260,567  244,254  775,616  687,176 
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs(154,146) (129,916) (430,402) (385,656)
Gains (losses) on retirement of long-term obligations  (10,274) (3,525) (52,291)
Interest income11,188  175  12,585  454 
Other income (expense)(32) (832) 3,462  (4,623)
Income (loss) before income taxes117,577  103,407  357,736  245,060 
Benefit (provision) for income taxes(2,383) (5,041) (11,290) (12,797)
Net income (loss)115,194  98,366  346,446  232,263 
Dividends on preferred stock(29,935) (10,997) (29,935) (32,991)
Net income (loss) attributable to CCIC common stockholders$85,259  $87,369  $316,511  $199,272 
        
Net income (loss) attributable to CCIC common stockholders, per common share:       
Net income (loss) attributable to CCIC common stockholders, basic$0.22  $0.26  $0.85  $0.59 
Net income (loss) attributable to CCIC common stockholders, diluted$0.21  $0.26  $0.84  $0.59 
        
Weighted-average common shares outstanding (in thousands):       
Basic395,359  337,564  373,561  336,426 
Diluted397,035  338,409  374,992  337,076 


CROWN CASTLE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
  
 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2017 2016
Cash flows from operating activities:   
Net income (loss)$346,446  $232,263 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities:   
Depreciation, amortization and accretion880,197  834,725 
Gains (losses) on retirement of long-term obligations3,525  52,291 
Amortization of deferred financing costs and other non-cash interest7,637  11,293 
Stock-based compensation expense67,264  60,402 
Asset write-down charges10,284  28,251 
Deferred income tax benefit (provision)330  6,626 
Other non-cash adjustments, net(3,159) 1,548 
Changes in assets and liabilities, excluding the effects of acquisitions:   
Increase (decrease) in liabilities61,988  122,944 
Decrease (increase) in assets42,779  (45,628)
   Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities1,417,291  1,304,715 
Cash flows from investing activities:   
Payments for acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired(2,112,887) (545,162)
Capital expenditures(851,512) (614,178)
Net (payments) receipts from settled swaps(328) 8,141 
Other investing activities, net(6,147) 11,616 
   Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities(2,970,874) (1,139,583)
Cash flows from financing activities:   
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt3,092,323  5,201,010 
Principal payments on debt and other long-term obligations(89,817) (69,717)
Purchases and redemptions of long-term debt  (4,044,834)
Borrowings under revolving credit facility1,755,000  3,440,000 
Payments under revolving credit facility(1,755,000) (4,155,000)
Payments for financing costs(26,684) (41,471)
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock4,220,766  323,798 
Net proceeds from issuance of preferred stock1,607,759   
Purchases of capital stock(23,037) (24,759)
Dividends/distributions paid on common stock(1,082,015) (896,628)
Dividends paid on preferred stock  (32,991)
Net (increase) decrease in restricted cash4,960  40 
   Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities7,704,255  (300,552)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents - continuing operations6,150,672  (135,420)
Discontinued operations:   
       Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities  113,150 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents - discontinued operations  113,150 
Effect of exchange rate changes863  (321)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period567,599  178,810 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$6,719,134  $156,219 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:   
Interest paid420,317  357,094 
Income taxes paid13,853  11,740 


CROWN CASTLE INTERNATIONAL CORP.
SEGMENT OPERATING RESULTS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 
SEGMENT OPERATING RESULTS
 Three Months Ended September 30, 2017 Three Months Ended September 30, 2016
 Towers Small Cells Other Consolidated Total Towers Small Cells Other Consolidated Total
Segment site rental revenues$724,813  $167,950    $892,763  $709,603  $102,429    $812,032 
Segment network services and other revenue153,001  17,474    170,475  166,979  13,005    179,984 
Segment revenues877,814  185,424    1,063,238  876,582  115,434    992,016 
Segment site rental cost of operations212,037  59,319    271,356  210,322  37,754    248,076 
Segment network services and other cost of operations90,845  14,245    105,090  97,395  10,194    107,589 
Segment cost of operations(a)302,882  73,564    376,446  307,717  47,948    355,665 
Segment site rental gross margin(b)512,776  108,631    621,407  499,281  64,675    563,956 
Segment network services and other gross margin(b)62,156  3,229    65,385  69,584  2,811    72,395 
Segment general and administrative expenses(a)22,490  18,415  41,085  81,990  22,225  14,480  35,526  72,231 
Segment operating profit(b)552,442  93,445  (41,085) 604,802  546,640  53,006  (35,526) 564,120 
Stock-based compensation expense    24,681  24,681      22,594  22,594 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion    296,033  296,033      280,824  280,824 
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs    154,146  154,146      129,916  129,916 
Other (income) expenses to reconcile to income (loss) before income taxes(c)    12,365  12,365      27,379  27,379 
Income (loss) before income taxes      $117,577        $103,407 

(a) Segment cost of operations exclude (1) stock-based compensation expense of $5.9 million and $4.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively and (2) prepaid lease purchase price adjustments of $5.0 million and $5.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.  Segment general and administrative expenses exclude stock-based compensation expense of $18.8 million and $17.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. 
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definitions of segment site rental gross margin, segment network service and other gross margin and segment operating profit.
(c) See condensed consolidated statement of operations for further information.

SEGMENT OPERATING RESULTS
 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
 Towers Small Cells Other Consolidated Total Towers Small Cells Other Consolidated Total
Segment site rental revenues$2,158,994  $459,511    $2,618,505  $2,118,159  $297,767    $2,415,926 
Segment network services and other revenue460,593  38,417    499,010  434,042  38,841    472,883 
Segment revenues2,619,587  497,928    3,117,515  2,552,201  336,608    2,888,809 
Segment site rental cost of operations632,705  158,426    791,131  625,331  109,402    734,733 
Segment network services and other cost of operations275,618  31,078    306,696  249,306  30,652    279,958 
Segment cost of operations(a)908,323  189,504    1,097,827  874,637  140,054    1,014,691 
Segment site rental gross margin(b)1,526,289  301,085    1,827,374  1,492,828  188,365    1,681,193 
Segment network services and other gross margin(b)184,975  7,339    192,314  184,736  8,189    192,925 
Segment general and administrative expenses(a)69,125  54,770  121,045  244,940  68,329  45,720  107,161  221,210 
Segment operating profit(b)1,642,139  253,654  (121,045) 1,774,748  1,609,235  150,834  (107,161) 1,652,908 
Stock-based compensation expense    66,458  66,458      75,297  75,297 
Depreciation, amortization and accretion    880,197  880,197      834,725  834,725 
Interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs    430,402  430,402      385,656  385,656 
Other income (expenses) to reconcile to income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes(c)    39,955  39,955      112,170  112,170 
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes      $357,736        $245,060 

(a) Segment cost of operations exclude (1) stock-based compensation expense of $12.2 million and $17.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively and (2) prepaid lease purchase price adjustments of $15.1 million and $16.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.  Segment general and administrative expenses exclude stock-based compensation expense of $54.3 million and $57.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.  
(b) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures, Segment Measures and Other Calculations" herein for a discussion of our definitions of segment site rental gross margin, segment network service and other gross margin and segment operating profit.
(c) See condensed consolidated statement of operations for further information.

Contacts: Dan Schlanger, CFO
Son Nguyen, VP & Treasurer
Crown Castle International Corp.
713-570-3050