• Quarterly revenue increased 14.6% to $279.1 million
  • Quarterly IPG Net Earnings decreased $7.2 million to $12.0 million
  • Quarterly IPG Adjusted Net Earnings increased $4.9 million to $20.3 million
  • Quarterly adjusted EBITDA increased 15.9% to $37.6 million

MONTREAL and SARASOTA, Fla., Nov. 08, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Intertape Polymer Group Inc. (TSX:ITP) (the "Company") today released results for its third quarter ended September 30, 2018. All amounts in this press release are denominated in US dollars unless otherwise indicated and all percentages are calculated on unrounded numbers. For more information, refer to the Company's management's discussion and analysis and unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 ("Financial Statements").

“Another period of high performance across our organization, including contributions from recent acquisitions and our disciplined pricing strategy to pass through raw material costs, helped us to achieve year-over-year quarterly topline growth of  nearly 15%. The strength of our product bundle and the value customers derive from our bundle strategy are both key elements of our year-over-year quarterly organic growth rate of nearly 6%. As we approach year end, we remain on track to achieve our 2018 financial targets, including our adjusted EBITDA target which we have narrowed with this morning's announcement,” said Greg Yull, President and CEO. “Our vision to be a global leader in packaging and protective solutions, bolstered by the Polyair Acquisition made earlier this year, is guiding our strategic direction. We have continued to expand and strengthen our product bundle, by the end of this calendar year, we will have invested upwards of $170 million in the past two years in world-class, low-cost manufacturing capacity, and we have elevated our internal capabilities via further acquisitions and a series of initiatives to drive our operational excellence. The ongoing capital investments in our North American manufacturing facilities are beginning to pay dividends as we move towards closing out a productive 2018 and with the Asian manufacturing facilities coming online in 2019 we will be returning to a normalized level of capital investment in the business.”

Third Quarter 2018 Highlights (as compared to third quarter 2017):

  • Revenue increased 14.6% to $279.1 million primarily due to the Polyair(1) and Airtrax(2) Acquisitions and an increase in average selling price, including the impact of product mix.
  • Gross margin increased to 21.1% from 20.9% primarily due to an increase in spread between selling prices and combined raw material and freight costs, partially offset by an increase in plant-related operating costs.
  • Selling, general and administrative expenses ("SG&A") increased $14.7 million to $33.4 million primarily due to an increase in share-based compensation of $10.1 million driven primarily by an increase in the fair value of cash-settled awards in the third quarter of 2018 as compared to a decrease in fair value in the third quarter of 2017 as well as $3.1 million of additional SG&A from the Polyair and Airtrax Acquisitions.
  • Net earnings attributable to the Company shareholders ("IPG Net Earnings") decreased $7.2 million to $12.0 million, primarily due to an increase in SG&A and an increase in manufacturing facility closure costs associated with a one-time charge for non-cash impairments of property, plant and equipment and inventory related to the closure of the Johnson City, Tennessee manufacturing facility, partially offset by an increase in gross profit and a decrease in income tax expense.
  • Adjusted Net Earnings(3) increased to $20.3 million ($0.34 basic and diluted adjusted earnings per share)(3) from $15.3 million ($0.26 basic and diluted adjusted earnings per share) primarily due to organic growth in gross profit and additional adjusted net earnings contributed by Polyair.
  • Adjusted EBITDA(3) increased 15.9% to $37.6 million primarily due to organic growth in gross profit and adjusted EBITDA contributed by Polyair.
  • Cash flows from operating activities decreased $9.6 million to $14.2 million primarily due to a discretionary contribution to US defined benefit pension plans in the third quarter of 2018 and an increase in inventories primarily related to an increase in raw material costs and purchases, partially offset by an increase in gross profit and a decrease in cash taxes paid mainly as a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJA") enacted into law in the United States on December 22, 2017.
  • Free cash flows(3) decreased by $4.0 million to negative $8.9 million primarily due to a discretionary contribution to US defined benefit pension plans in the third quarter of 2018, partially offset by a decrease in capital expenditures.
(1)"Polyair Acquisition" refers to the acquisition by the Company of 100% of the outstanding equity value in Polyair Inter Pack, Inc. ("Polyair") on August 3, 2018.
(2)"Airtrax Acquisition" refers to the acquisition by the Company of substantially all of the assets and assumption of certain liabilities of Airtrax Polymers Private Limited  (doing business as "Airtrax") on May 11, 2018 through the Company's controlled subsidiary, Capstone Polyweave Private Limited (doing business as "Capstone").
(3)Non-GAAP financial measure. For definitions and reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures, see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.


Other Highlights:

Pension Contribution

On September 12, 2018, the Company made an $11.3 million discretionary contribution to its US defined benefit pension plans.  These plans are now wholly funded on an accounting basis and as a result, the Company expects to reduce future contribution requirements and certain plan administration expenses. In the third quarter of 2018, the Company recognized a net tax benefit of approximately $1.3 million primarily due to the discretionary contribution deducted on the 2017 tax return at the higher 2017 US corporate tax rate, partially offset by the reversal of the related deferred tax asset recorded using the lower US corporate tax rate provided under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJA").

Senior Unsecured Notes

On October 15, 2018, the Company closed its offering of $250.0 million 7% senior unsecured notes due in 2026 (the "Notes Offering").  The Notes Offering resulted in net proceeds to the Company, after deducting underwriting discounts and estimated expenses, of approximately $243.8 million. The Company used the net proceeds from the Notes Offering to repay a portion of the borrowings outstanding under the Company’s existing five-year $600 million credit facility ("2018 Credit Facility")(1) and to pay related fees and expenses, as well as for general corporate purposes.  The Company believes the Notes Offering provides optimal flexibility to allocate capital to the business at a historically attractive fixed interest rate.

(1)"2018 Credit Facility" refers to the five-year $600.0 million credit facility entered on June 14, 2018 pursuant to a credit agreement with a syndicated lending group, refinancing and replacing the Company's previous $450.0 million credit facility that was due to mature in November 2019.

Dividend Declaration

On November 7, 2018, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.14 per common share payable on December 28, 2018 to shareholders of record at the close of business on December 14, 2018. These dividends will be designated by the Company as "eligible dividends" as defined in Subsection 89(1) of the Income Tax Act (Canada).

Outlook

The Company's expectations for the fiscal year are as follows:

  • Revenue growth in 2018 is expected to be between 16% and 18%, excluding any significant fluctuations in selling prices caused by unforeseen variations in raw material prices.

  • Adjusted EBITDA for 2018 is expected to be between $140 and $143 million which has been narrowed from our previous expectation of between $140 and $150 million.

  • Total capital expenditures for 2018 are expected to be between $80 and $90 million.

  • The Company still expects an 18% to 23% effective tax rate for 2018 and cash taxes paid in 2018 to be less than one third of the income tax expense in 2018.  These expectations exclude the potential impact of changes in the mix of earnings between jurisdictions and any new guidance or legislative revisions made with respect to the TCJA.

Conference Call

A conference call to discuss the Company's 2018 third quarter results will be held Thursday, November 8, 2018, at 10 A.M. Eastern Time. Participants may dial 877-291-4570 (USA & Canada) and 647-788-4919 (International).

AN ACCOMPANYING PRESENTATION WILL ALSO BE AVAILABLE. PLEASE CLICK THE LINK OR TYPE INTO YOUR BROWSER TO ACCESS:

https://www.itape.com/investor%20relations/events%20and%20presentations/investor%20presentations 

You may access a replay of the call by dialing 800-585-8367 (USA & Canada) or 416-621-4642 (International) and entering Access Code 3078387. The recording will be available from November 8, 2018 at 1:00 P.M. until December 8, 2018 at 11:59 P.M. Eastern Time.

About Intertape Polymer Group Inc.

Intertape Polymer Group Inc. is a recognized leader in the development, manufacture and sale of a variety of paper and film based pressure-sensitive and water-activated tapes, polyethylene and specialized polyolefin films, protective packaging, woven coated fabrics and complementary packaging systems for industrial and retail use. Headquartered in Montreal, Quebec and Sarasota, Florida, the Company employs approximately 3,400 employees with operations in 27 locations, including 20 manufacturing facilities in North America, two in Asia and one in Europe.

For information about the Company, visit www.itape.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains "forward-looking information" within the meaning of applicable Canadian securities legislation and "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (collectively, "forward-looking statements"), which are made in reliance upon the protections provided by such legislation for forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical facts included in this press release, including statements regarding dividends; the Company's vision and strategic direction; the Company’s growth strategy and the strength of the Company’s competitive position moving forward; the anticipated investments in manufacturing capacities and the related anticipated benefits; the Company's expected pension plan contribution requirements and administration expenses and the Company's full year 2018 outlook, including adjusted EBITDA, capital expenditures, effective tax rate and income tax expenses and revenue, may constitute forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on current beliefs, assumptions, expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections made by the Company's management. Words such as "may," "will," "should," "expect," "continue," "intend," "estimate," "anticipate," "plan," "foresee," "believe" or "seek" or the negatives of these terms or variations of them or similar terminology are intended to identify such forward-looking statements.  Although the Company believes that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, these statements, by their nature, involve risks and uncertainties and are not guarantees of future performance. Such statements are also subject to assumptions concerning, among other things: business conditions and growth or declines in the Company's industry, the Company's customers' industries and the general economy; the impact of changes to tariffs and other international trade developments; the anticipated benefits from the Company's greenfield projects and manufacturing facility expansions; the impact of selling price increases; the impact of fluctuations in raw material prices and freight costs; the anticipated benefits from the Company's acquisitions and partnerships; the anticipated benefits from the Company's capital expenditures; the quality and market reception of the Company's products; the Company's anticipated business strategies; risks and costs inherent in litigation; the Company's ability to maintain and improve quality and customer service; anticipated trends in the Company's business; anticipated cash flows from the Company's operations; availability of funds under the Company's 2018 Credit Facility; and the Company's ability to continue to control costs. The Company can give no assurance that these estimates and expectations will prove to have been correct. Actual outcomes and results may, and often do, differ from what is expressed, implied or projected in such forward-looking statements, and such differences may be material. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement. For additional information regarding important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements and other risks and uncertainties, and the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements, you are encouraged to read "Item 3 Key Information - Risk Factors", "Item 5 Operating and Financial Review and Prospects (Management's Discussion & Analysis)" and statements located elsewhere in the Company's annual report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2017 and the other statements and factors contained in the Company's filings with the Canadian securities regulators and the US Securities and Exchange Commission. Each of these forward-looking statements speaks only as of the date of this press release. The Company will not update these statements unless applicable securities laws require it to do so.

Note to readers: Complete consolidated financial statements and MD&A are available on the Company's website at www.itape.com in the Investor Relations section or under the Company's profile on SEDAR at www.sedar.com.

 
Intertape Polymer Group Inc.
Consolidated Earnings
Periods ended September 30,
(In thousands of US dollars, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
  Three months ended
September 30,
 Nine months ended
September 30,
  2018 2017 2018 2017
  $ $ $ $
Revenue 279,062  243,444  765,364  660,722 
Cost of sales 220,140  192,575  601,541  513,339 
Gross profit 58,922  50,869  163,823  147,383 
Selling, general and administrative expenses 33,446  18,776  90,222  73,466 
Research expenses 2,926  3,091  9,381  8,713 
  36,372  21,867  99,603  82,179 
Operating profit before manufacturing facility closures, restructuring and other related charges 22,550  29,002  64,220  65,204 
Manufacturing facility closures, restructuring and other related charges 5,777  216  5,476  893 
Operating profit 16,773  28,786  58,744  64,311 
Finance costs        
Interest 3,952  2,290  10,359  4,721 
Other (income) expense, net (1,477) 593  977  1,294 
  2,475  2,883  11,336  6,015 
Earnings before income tax expense (benefit) 14,298  25,903  47,408  58,296 
Income tax expense (benefit)        
Current (496) 2,253  1,257  7,699 
Deferred 2,742  4,378  7,775  7,819 
  2,246  6,631  9,032  15,518 
Net earnings 12,052  19,272  38,376  42,778 
Net earnings (loss) attributable to:        
Company shareholders 12,006  19,244  38,463  42,905 
Non-controlling interests 46  28  (87) (127)
  12,052  19,272  38,376  42,778 
Earnings per share attributable to Company shareholders        
Basic 0.20  0.33  0.65  0.73 
Diluted 0.20  0.32  0.65  0.72 
             



 
Intertape Polymer Group Inc.
Consolidated Cash Flows
Periods ended September 30,
(In thousands of US dollars)
(Unaudited)
 
  Three months ended September 30, Nine months ended September 30,
  2018 2017 2018 2017
  $ $ $ $
OPERATING ACTIVITIES        
Net earnings 12,052  19,272  38,376  42,778 
Adjustments to net earnings        
Depreciation and amortization 10,420  9,633  30,471  26,271 
Income tax expense 2,246  6,631  9,032  15,518 
Interest expense 3,952  2,290  10,359  4,721 
Non-cash charges (recoveries) in connection with manufacturing facility closures, restructuring and other related charges 5,237  73  5,235  (16)
Share-based compensation expense (benefit) 1,847  (8,231) 1,543  (3,067)
(Gain) Loss on foreign exchange (1,964) 332  (274) 525 
Pension and other post-retirement expense related to defined benefit plans 589  692  2,015  2,075 
Other adjustments for non-cash items 305  219  1,225  (437)
Income taxes paid, net (702) (3,254) (339) (6,016)
Contributions to defined benefit plans (11,958) (799) (13,474) (3,228)
Cash flows from operating activities before changes in working capital items 22,024  26,858  84,169  79,124 
Changes in working capital items        
Trade receivables (14,739) (12,859) (20,575) (16,265)
Inventories (1,316) 3,607  (24,893) (8,748)
Parts and supplies (47) (498) (1,232) (1,662)
Other current assets (2,012) (405) (3,698) 840 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities and share-based compensation liabilities, current 9,480  7,363  (11,991) (18,900)
Provisions 853  (202) 28  (1,513)
  (7,781) (2,994) (62,361) (46,248)
Cash flows from operating activities 14,243  23,864  21,808  32,876 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES        
Acquisition of subsidiaries, net of cash acquired (145,962) (67,043) (145,962) (67,027)
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (23,068) (28,836) (57,816) (71,352)
Restricted cash   71,785     
Cash outflow from capital transactions with non-controlling interest in Capstone (2,630)   (2,630)  
Other investing activities (281) 973  (636) 990 
Cash flows from investing activities (171,941) (23,121) (207,044) (137,389)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES        
Proceeds from borrowings 206,113  63,966  679,828  217,443 
Repayment of borrowings (38,051) (38,242) (454,000) (79,531)
Payments of debt issue costs (143)   (2,761)  
Interest paid (3,542) (1,955) (8,071) (4,554)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options     163  1,362 
Repurchases of common shares   (6,437)   (6,437)
Dividends paid (8,214) (8,150) (24,687) (24,831)
Other financing activities 182  124  182  (514)
Cash flows from financing activities 156,345  9,306  190,654  102,938 
Net (decrease) increase in cash (1,353) 10,049  5,418  (1,575)
Effect of foreign exchange differences on cash 60  10  (1,874) 1,403 
Cash, beginning of period 13,930  10,725  9,093  20,956 
Cash, end of period 12,637  20,784  12,637  20,784 
             


 
Intertape Polymer Group Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
As of
(In thousands of US dollars)
 
  September 30, 2018 December 31, 2017
  (Unaudited) (Audited)
  $ $
ASSETS    
Current assets    
Cash 12,637  9,093 
Trade receivables 138,240  106,634 
Inventories 161,416  128,233 
Parts and supplies 19,805  18,571 
Other current assets 20,510  16,188 
  352,608  278,719 
Property, plant and equipment 345,592  313,520 
Goodwill 176,271  41,690 
Intangible assets 43,485  47,318 
Deferred tax assets 26,950  27,627 
Other assets 12,407  6,998 
Total assets 957,313  715,872 
LIABILITIES    
Current liabilities    
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities 113,084  104,812 
Share-based compensation liabilities, current 5,711  10,265 
Call option redemption liability 11,203  12,725 
Provisions, current 1,193  657 
Borrowings, current 13,639  14,979 
  144,830  143,438 
Borrowings, non-current 487,956  264,484 
Pension, post-retirement and other long-term employee benefits 17,738  29,298 
Share-based compensation liabilities, non-current 3,292  4,984 
Non-controlling interest put options 10,124   
Deferred tax liabilities 23,204  13,769 
Provisions, non-current 2,692  3,221 
Other liabilities 3,716  1,956 
  693,552  461,150 
EQUITY    
Capital stock 350,977  350,759 
Contributed surplus 17,417  17,530 
Deficit (104,171) (106,687)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (16,969) (13,469)
Total equity attributable to Company shareholders 247,254  248,133 
Non-controlling interests 16,507  6,589 
Total equity 263,761  254,722 
Total liabilities and equity 957,313  715,872 
       

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release contains certain non-GAAP financial measures as defined under applicable securities legislation, including adjusted net earnings (loss), adjusted earnings (loss) per share, EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, and free cash flows. In determining these measures, the Company excludes certain items which are otherwise included in determining the comparable GAAP financial measures. The Company believes such non-GAAP financial measures improve the period-to-period comparability of the Company’s results and provide investors with more insight into, and an additional tool to understand and assess, the performance of the Company's ongoing core business operations. As required by applicable securities legislation, the Company has provided definitions of those measures and reconciliations of those measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures. Investors and other readers are encouraged to review the related GAAP financial measures and the reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures set forth below and should consider non-GAAP financial measures only as a supplement to, and not as a substitute for or as a superior measure to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP.

Adjusted Net Earnings (Loss) and Adjusted Earnings (Loss) Per Share

A reconciliation of the Company’s adjusted net earnings (loss), a non-GAAP financial measure, to IPG Net Earnings, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, is set out in the adjusted net earnings (loss) reconciliation table below.  Adjusted net earnings (loss) should not be construed as IPG Net Earnings as determined by GAAP.  The Company defines adjusted net earnings (loss) as IPG Net Earnings before (i) manufacturing facility closures, restructuring and other related charges; (ii) advisory fees and other costs associated with mergers and acquisitions activity, including due diligence, integration and certain non-cash purchase price accounting adjustments ("M&A Costs"); (iii) share-based compensation expense (benefit); (iv) impairment of goodwill; (v) impairment of long-lived assets and other assets; (vi) write-down on assets classified as held-for-sale; (vii) (gain) loss on disposal of property, plant, and equipment; (viii) other discrete items as shown in the table below; and (ix) the income tax effect of these items.  The term “adjusted net earnings (loss)” does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers.  Adjusted net earnings (loss) is not a measurement of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to IPG Net Earnings as an indicator of the Company’s operating performance or any other measures of performance derived in accordance with GAAP.  The Company has included this non-GAAP financial measure because it believes that it permits investors to make a more meaningful comparison of the Company’s performance between periods presented by excluding certain non-cash expenses and non-recurring expenses.  In addition, adjusted net earnings (loss) is used by management in evaluating the Company’s performance because it believes it provides an indicator of the Company’s performance that is often more meaningful than GAAP financial measures for the reasons stated in the previous sentence.

Adjusted earnings (loss) per share is also presented in the following table and is a non-GAAP financial measure.  Adjusted earnings (loss) per share should not be construed as IPG Net Earnings per share as determined by GAAP.  The Company defines adjusted earnings (loss) per share as adjusted net earnings (loss) divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding, both basic and diluted.  The term “adjusted earnings (loss) per share” does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers.  Adjusted earnings (loss) per share is not a measurement of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to IPG Net Earnings per share as an indicator of the Company’s operating performance or any other measures of performance derived in accordance with GAAP.  The Company has included this non-GAAP financial measure because it believes that it permits investors to make a more meaningful comparison of the Company’s performance between periods presented by excluding certain non-cash expenses and non-recurring expenses.  In addition, adjusted earnings (loss) per share is used by management in evaluating the Company’s performance because it believes it provides an indicator of the Company’s performance that is often more meaningful than GAAP financial measures for the reasons stated in the previous sentence.

 
Adjusted Net Earnings Reconciliation to IPG Net Earnings
(In millions of US dollars, except per share amounts and share numbers)
(Unaudited)
 
 Three months ended Nine months ended
 September 30, 2018 September 30, 2017 September 30, 2018 September 30, 2017
 $ $ $ $
IPG Net Earnings12.0  19.2  38.5  42.9 
Manufacturing facility closures, restructuring and other related charges5.8  0.2  5.5  0.9 
M&A Costs2.8  1.9  6.0  5.3 
Share-based compensation expense (benefit)1.8  (8.2) 1.5  (3.1)
Impairment of long-lived assets and other assets    0.0   
Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment0.0  0.1  0.2  0.2 
Income tax effect of these items(2.1) 2.1  (2.4) (0.4)
Adjusted net earnings20.3  15.3  49.3  45.8 
        
IPG Net Earnings per share       
Basic0.20  0.33  0.65  0.73 
Diluted0.20  0.32  0.65  0.72 
        
Adjusted earnings per share       
Basic0.34  0.26  0.84  0.77 
Diluted0.34  0.26  0.83  0.77 
        
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding       
Basic58,817,410  59,171,255  58,810,166  59,153,200 
Diluted59,081,293  59,527,823  59,111,165  59,731,435 
            

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA

A reconciliation of the Company’s EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, to net earnings (loss), the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, is set out in the EBITDA reconciliation table below. EBITDA should not be construed as earnings (loss) before income taxes, net earnings (loss) or cash flows from operating activities as determined by GAAP. The Company defines EBITDA as net earnings (loss) before (i) interest and other finance costs (income); (ii) income tax expense (benefit); (iii) amortization of intangible assets; and (iv) depreciation of property, plant and equipment. The Company defines adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA before (i) manufacturing facility closures, restructuring and other related charges (recoveries); (ii) advisory fees and other costs associated with mergers and acquisitions activity, including due diligence, integration and certain non-cash purchase price accounting adjustments ("M&A Costs"); (iii) share-based compensation expense (benefit); (iv) impairment of goodwill; (v) impairment (reversal of impairment) of long-lived assets and other assets; (vi) write-down on assets classified as held-for-sale; (vii) loss (gain) on disposal of property, plant and equipment; and (viii) other discrete items as shown in the table below. The terms "EBITDA" and "adjusted EBITDA" do not have any standardized meanings prescribed by GAAP and are therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers. EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA are not measurements of financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as alternatives to cash flows from operating activities or as alternatives to net earnings (loss) as indicators of the Company’s operating performance or any other measures of performance derived in accordance with GAAP. The Company has included these non-GAAP financial measures because it believes that they allow investors to make a more meaningful comparison between periods of the Company’s performance, underlying business trends and the Company’s ongoing operations. The Company further believes these measures may be useful in comparing its operating performance with the performance of other companies that may have different financing and capital structures, and tax rates. Adjusted EBITDA excludes costs that are not considered by management to be representative of the Company’s underlying core operating performance, including certain non-operating expenses, non-cash expenses and non-recurring expenses. In addition, EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA are used by management to set targets and are metrics that, among others, can be used by the Company’s Human Resources and Compensation Committee to establish performance bonus metrics and payout, and by the Company’s lenders and investors to evaluate the Company’s performance and ability to service its debt, finance capital expenditures and acquisitions, and provide for the payment of dividends to shareholders. The Company experiences normal business seasonality that typically results in adjusted EBITDA that is proportionately higher in the second, third and fourth quarters of the year relative to the first quarter.

 
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation to Net Earnings
(In millions of US dollars)
(Unaudited)
 
 Three months ended Nine months ended
 September 30, 2018 September 30, 2017 September 30, 2018 September 30, 2017
 $ $ $ $
Net earnings12.1  19.3  38.4  42.8 
Interest and other finance costs2.5  2.9  11.3  6.0 
Income tax expense2.2  6.6  9.0  15.5 
Depreciation and amortization10.4  9.6  30.5  26.3 
EBITDA27.2  38.4  89.2  90.6 
Manufacturing facility closures, restructuring and other related charges5.8  0.2  5.5  0.9 
M&A Costs2.8  1.9  6.0  5.3 
Share-based compensation expense (benefit)1.8  (8.2) 1.5  (3.1)
Impairment of long-lived assets and other assets    0.0   
Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment0.0  0.1  0.2  0.2 
Adjusted EBITDA37.6  32.4  102.4  93.9 
            

Free Cash Flows

Free cash flows is defined by the Company as cash flows from operating activities less purchases of property, plant and equipment.

The Company is reporting free cash flows, a non-GAAP financial measure, because it is used by management and investors in evaluating the Company’s performance and liquidity. Free cash flows does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers. Free cash flows should not be interpreted to represent the total cash movement for the period as described in the Company's Financial Statements, or to represent residual cash flow available for discretionary purposes, as it excludes other mandatory expenditures such as debt service.

A reconciliation of free cash flows to cash flows from operating activities, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, is set forth below.

 
Free Cash Flows Reconciliation to Cash Flows from Operating Activities
(In millions of US dollars)
(Unaudited)
 
  Three months ended Nine months ended
  September 30, 2018 September 30, 2017 September 30, 2018 September 30, 2017
  $ $ $ $
Cash flows from operating activities 14.2  23.9  21.8  32.9 
Less purchases of property, plant and equipment (23.1) (28.8) (57.8) (71.4)
Free cash flows (8.9) (4.9) (36.0) (38.5)
             
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT:
Ross Marshall
Investor Relations
(T) (416) 526-1563
(E)