DENVER, Nov. 08, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Bonanza Creek Energy, Inc. (NYSE: BCEI) (the "Company" or "Bonanza Creek") today announced its third quarter 2018 financial results and operating outlook and has posted an updated investor presentation on its corporate website.

Bonanza Creek delivered strong performance in the third quarter driven by solid production growth, lower operating expenses, and higher realized pricing. Wattenberg daily production for the third quarter of 2018 has increased 40% compared to the fourth quarter of 2017 and the Company expects annualized production growth in excess of 50% in 2019.

  • Third quarter sales volumes averaged 17.7 MBoe per day ("MBoe/d"), at midpoint of guidance
  • Wattenberg lease operating expenses ("LOE") of $4.26 per Boe decreased 29% sequentially and compared favorably to guidance midpoint of $4.60 per Boe
  • Wattenberg gathering and midstream expenses of $1.00 per Boe compared to guidance midpoint of $1.35 per Boe
  • Company growth not impacted by basin-wide gas processing constraints
  • Rocky Mountain Infrastructure (“RMI”) providing low gathering system pressures at the wellhead and access to four gas processors through eleven interconnects
  • Third quarter GAAP net income of $43.4 million, or $2.10 per diluted share; Adjusted net income(1) of $26.8 million, or $1.30 per diluted share
  • Adjusted EBITDAX(1) of $38.4 million, 10% growth over second quarter 2018, despite Mid-Con sale
  • Proved reserves of $749 million (PV-10) as of September 30, 2018(2), 56% growth in Wattenberg PV-10 compared to year-end 2017
  • Executed French Lake joint development agreement

(1) Non-GAAP measures, see attached reconciliation schedules at the end of this release.

(2) PV-10 is a non-GAAP measure. As prepared by the Company's Independent Qualified Reserves Evaluator, Netherland Sewell & Associates. Please see Schedule 9 at end of this release for additional disclosures related to PV-10.

"Our third quarter results continue to demonstrate our growing operational capability as we delivered on sales volumes while lowering our cost structure.  Operational performance translated into strong financial performance, with Adjusted EBITDAX increasing 10% compared to second quarter 2018 despite the sale of Mid-Con in August,” said Eric Greager, President and CEO.

“We continue to increase the pace and efficiency of our Wattenberg-focused development program, which calls for greater than 50% production growth in 2019. Our rural acreage position, combined with nearly 80% high-value liquids production, rapidly improving well performance, unconstrained gathering and processing, and a clean balance sheet put us in a unique position to generate favorable returns, growth and value for our shareholders.”

Third Quarter 2018 Results

During the third quarter of 2018, the Company reported average daily sales of 17.7 MBoe/d, which was at the mid-point of the Company's guidance range of 17.4 - 18.0 MBoe/d. The Company's Wattenberg average daily sales of 16.8 MBoe/d increased 11% sequentially, driven by recent completion designs and consistent low gathering system pressures at the wellhead on the Company's RMI system. Product mix for the third quarter of 2018 was 60% oil, 18% NGLs, and 22% residue natural gas.

Net revenue for the third quarter of 2018 was $74.4 million, compared to $45.2 million for the third quarter of 2017. The increase in third quarter 2018 net revenue compared to 2017 was primarily a result of increased production and improved commodity pricing, partially offset by the loss of production associated with the Mid-Continent divestiture. Crude oil accounted for approximately 84% of total revenue. Differentials for the Company's Wattenberg oil production during the quarter averaged approximately $6.52 per barrel off of NYMEX WTI. Corporate average realized prices for the third quarter of 2018 are presented below.

Average Realized Prices (Before Derivatives) 
 Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
Oil (per Bbl)$63.50
Gas (per Mcf)$2.22
NGL (per Bbl)$24.32
Boe (Per Boe)$45.31

Wattenberg LOE for the third quarter of 2018 on a unit basis decreased by 26% to $4.26 per Boe from $5.76 per Boe in the third quarter of 2017 and compared favorably to guidance of $4.40 to $4.80 per Boe. Additionally, Wattenberg midstream expenses for the third quarter were $1.00 per Boe compared to $1.13 per Boe in the same period a year ago and guidance of $1.25 to $1.45 per Boe.

Unit operating expenses in the third quarter were favorably impacted by lower regulatory, compliance, and labor costs. The Company completed its accelerated compressor replacement program early in the third quarter, resulting in a significant reduction in maintenance and connection costs, as well as go-forward rental rates. Unit operating expenses have also benefited from new well production and high return well servicing activities, which have helped improve base production performance.

Below is a breakout of the Company's regional operating expenses for the third quarter of 2018.

 
 Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
 Wattenberg Mid-Continent Total Company
 ($M) ($/Boe) ($M) ($/Boe) ($M) ($/Boe)
Lease operating expense$6,571  $4.26  $1,380  $15.43  $7,951  $4.87 
Gas plant and midstream operating expense$1,546  $1.00  $703  $7.86  $2,249  $1.38 
Total$8,117  $5.26  $2,083  $23.29  $10,200  $6.25 

The Company's general and administrative ("G&A") expense was $10.9 million for the third quarter of 2018, which includes $1.7 million in stock compensation. G&A expense in the third quarter was impacted by severance expenses related to the Mid-Continent divestiture in August 2018. Cash G&A expense, which excludes stock compensation, was $9.2 million for the third quarter and is tracking in-line with the Company's full year 2018 guidance.

Reported net income for the third quarter of 2018 was $43.4 million, or $2.10 per diluted share. Adjusted net income for the third quarter of 2018 was $26.8 million, or $1.30 per diluted share.

Adjusted EBITDAX for the third quarter of 2018 was $38.4 million.

Cash G&A, Recurring Cash G&A, Adjusted net income, and Adjusted EBITDAX are non-GAAP financial measures. Please refer to the respective reconciliations in the schedules at the end of this release for additional information about these measures.

Production, Capital, and Expense Outlook

The table below summarizes the Company's production, capital, and expense guidance for the fourth quarter and full year 2018.

Guidance Summary    
 Three Months
Ended December
31, 2018
Twelve Months
Ended December 31, 2018
(Pro-forma)(1) 
 Twelve Months
Ended December
31, 2018
     
Production (MBoe/d)17.6 - 18.215.8 - 16.0 17.5 - 17.7
LOE ($/Boe)$3.90 - $4.30$4.95 - $5.05 $5.65 - $5.75
Midstream expense ($/Boe)$1.20 - $1.40$1.37 - $1.47 $1.70 - $1.80
Recurring cash G&A* ($MM)   $32.5 - $33.5
Production taxes (% of pre-derivative realization)   7% - 8%
Total CAPEX ($MM)   $275 - $295
* Recurring Cash G&A is a non-GAAP measure that excludes the Company's stock based compensation. The Company does not guide to GAAP G&A expense as it has excessive uncertainty due to the stock-based compensation portion of GAAP G&A.
(1) The Company's estimate for the full year of 2018 excluding results from the Mid-Continent operations.

Operational Highlights

During the third quarter of 2018, the Company spud 19 gross (13.2 net) operated wells, five of which were extended reach lateral ("XRL") wells, and completed five gross (4.1 net) operated wells, five of which were XRL wells.

The Company continues to be encouraged by the results at French Lake. Six of the eight XRL wells are tracking above the Company’s expectations and, we believe, best reflect the reservoir quality in the area. Additionally, Bonanza Creek recently executed a joint development agreement with a major operator in the basin. This agreement moves the Company significantly closer to realizing the value of the French Lake asset.

The Company’s five-well K-22 pad on its Legacy West acreage, which has wells completed in the Niobrara B, C, and Codell, is currently tracking above the Company's type curve for this area with average cumulative production of 13.1 MBoe (68% oil) per 1,000 feet of lateral after 136 days of production. This production performance further validates the Company’s high-intensity stimulation designs and the value of its Legacy Western acreage. Additionally, this five-well pad was drilled on approximately 40-acre spacing (16 wells/section) compared to approximately 60-acre spacing (11 wells/section) on pads completed in this area last year and earlier this year. The Company will continue to optimize spacing, stacking and high-intensity stimulation designs to maximize resource recoveries and value.

The Company has provided updated production results for these and other wells in its November Investor Presentation, which is available on the Company's website.

The Company continued to benefit from multiple delivery points on the RMI system in the third quarter. This delivery point flexibility, combined with consistently low line pressures on RMI, have helped ensure minimal production impacts. Line pressure on the Company’s RMI system has remained consistent between 50 and 100 psi and is well below typical field-wide operating pressures outside of RMI. The Company's 2018 drilling plan has not experienced constraints or delays due to access to third-party gas processing. We will continue to maintain delivery point flexibility via RMI and do not anticipate gathering or processing issues to constrain our growth in 2019.

Financial Highlights

As of the end of the third quarter, the Company had liquidity of $215.7 million, which included cash on hand of $24.0 million and $191.7 million of borrowing capacity under its credit facility.

The Company reported a PV-10 value (non-GAAP measure) of its proved reserves of $749 million as of September 30, 2018. This represents an increase of 56% compared to year-end 2017 Wattenberg proved reserves value. The SEC 12-month average benchmark pricing as of September 30, 2018 used for reporting the Company’s reserves, which have been adjusted for basis and quality differentials, were $2.91/MMbtu for residue natural gas, $31.84/Bbl for natural gas liquids and $63.43/Bbl for crude oil. Bonanza Creek’s reserves at September 30, 2018 were prepared by the Company's Independent Qualified Reserves Evaluator, Netherland Sewell & Associates. Please see Schedule 9 at the end of this release for additional disclosures related to PV-10.

Conference Call Information

The Company will host a conference call to discuss these financial and operating results on November 9, 2018 at 9:00 a.m. Mountain Time (11:00 a.m. Eastern Time). A webcast of the live event, as well as a replay, will be available on the Investor Relations section of the Company’s website at www.bonanzacrk.com. Dial-in information for the conference call is included below.

TypePhone NumberPasscode
Live Participant877-793-43622465519
Replay855-859-20562465519

About Bonanza Creek Energy, Inc.

Bonanza Creek Energy, Inc. is an independent oil and natural gas company engaged in the acquisition, exploration, development and production of onshore oil and associated liquids-rich natural gas in the United States. The Company’s assets and operations are concentrated in the Rocky Mountain region in the Wattenberg Field, focused on the Niobrara and Codell formations. The Company’s common shares are listed for trading on the NYSE under the symbol: “BCEI.” For more information about the Company, please visit www.bonanzacrk.com. Please note that the Company routinely posts important information about the Company under the Investor Relations section of its website.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included in this press release that address activities, events or developments that the Company expects, believes or anticipates will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements. These statements are based on certain assumptions made by the Company based on management’s experience, perception of historical trends and technical analyses, current conditions, anticipated future developments and other factors believed to be appropriate and reasonable by management. When used in this press release, the words “will,” “potential,” “believe,” “estimate,” “intend,” “expect,” “may,” “should,” “anticipate,” “could,” “plan,” “predict,” “project,” “profile,” “model” or their negatives, other similar expressions or the statements that include those words, are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words. These statements include statements regarding development and completion expectations and strategy; decreasing operating and capital costs; impact of the Company's reorganization; and updated 2018 guidance. Such statements are subject to a number of assumptions, risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond the control of the Company, that may cause actual results to differ materially from those implied or expressed by the forward-looking statements, including the following: changes in natural gas, oil and NGL prices; general economic conditions, including the performance of financial markets and interest rates; drilling results; shortages of oilfield equipment, services and personnel; operating risks such as unexpected drilling conditions; ability to acquire adequate supplies of water; risks related to derivative instruments; access to adequate gathering systems and pipeline take-away capacity; and pipeline and refining capacity constraints. Further information on such assumptions, risks and uncertainties is available in the Company’s SEC filings. We refer you to the discussion of risk factors in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed on March 15, 2018, and other filings submitted by us to the Securities Exchange Commission. The Company’s SEC filings are available on the Company’s website at www.bonanzacrk.com and on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. All of the forward-looking statements made in this press release are qualified by these cautionary statements. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, including guidance, and the Company undertakes no obligation to correct or update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.

For further information, please contact:
Doug Atkinson
Senior Manager, Investor Relations
720-225-6690
datkinson@bonanzacrk.com

Schedule 1: Statements of Operations
(in thousands, expect for per share amounts, unaudited)

 Successor
 Three Months Ended
September 30, 2018
 Three Months Ended
September 30, 2017
Operating net revenues:   
Oil and gas sales$74,380  $45,232 
Operating expenses:   
Lease operating expense7,951  9,643 
Gas plant and midstream operating expense2,249  3,265 
Gathering, transportation, and processing2,749   
Severance and ad valorem taxes6,485  2,434 
Exploration(6)  
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization10,987  7,350 
Abandonment and impairment of unproved properties(1)430   
General and administrative (including $1,741 and $2,646, respectively, of stock-based compensation)10,899  15,181 
Total operating expenses41,744  37,873 
Income from operations32,636  7,359 
Other income (expense):   
Derivative loss(16,078) (2,762)
Interest expense(608) (265)
Gain on sale of properties26,720   
Other income (expense)693  (4)
Total other income (expense)10,727  (3,031)
Income from operations before taxes43,363  4,328 
Income tax benefit (expense)   
Net income$43,363  $4,328 
    
Comprehensive income$43,363  $4,328 
    
Basic net income per common share$2.11  $0.21 
    
Diluted net income per common share$2.10  $0.21 
    
Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding20,541  20,439 
    
Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding20,631  20,447 

The Successor Company follows the treasury stock method to compute basic and diluted net income per share. Please refer to Note 12 – Earnings per Share in the Form 10-Q, for a detailed calculation.
(1) The Company incurred impairment charges relating to the standard amortization of unproved properties within the Wattenberg Field during the Current Successor quarter.   

 Successor  Predecessor
 Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2018
 April 29, 2017 through
September 30, 2017
  January 1, 2017
through April 28, 2017
Operating net revenues:      
Oil and gas sales$210,444  $73,346   $68,589 
Operating expenses:      
Lease operating expense29,726  15,796   13,128 
Gas plant and midstream operating expense9,109  5,027   3,541 
Gathering, transportation, and processing6,747      
Severance and ad valorem taxes17,788  4,842   5,671 
Exploration244  359   3,699 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization28,059  12,186   28,065 
Abandonment and impairment of unproved properties(1)5,409      
Unused commitments21     993 
General and administrative (including $4,933, $10,595 and $2,116, respectively, of stock-based compensation)30,350  31,320   15,092 
Total operating expenses127,453  69,530   70,189 
Income (loss) from operations82,991  3,816   (1,600)
Other income (expense):      
Derivative loss(46,832) (2,762)   
Interest expense(1,770) (460)  (5,656)
Gain on sale of properties26,720      
Reorganization items, net (note 2)     8,808 
Other income983  154   1,108 
Total other income (expense)(20,899) (3,068)  4,260 
Income from operations before taxes62,092  748   2,660 
Income tax benefit (expense)      
Net income$62,092  $748   $2,660 
       
Comprehensive income$62,092  $748   $2,660 
       
Basic net income per common share$3.03  $0.04   $0.05 
       
Diluted net income per common share$3.02  $0.04   $0.05 
       
Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding20,495  20,410   49,559 
       
Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding20,587  20,438   50,971 

Note: The Predecessor Company followed the two-class method when computing the basic and diluted net income per share, which allocates earnings between common shareholders and unvested participating securities. The Successor Company follows the treasury stock method to compute basic and diluted net income per share. Please refer to Note 12 – Earnings Per Share in the Form 10-Q, for a detailed calculation.
(1) Represents incurred impairment charges relating to non-core leases expiring and the standard amortization of unproved properties within the Wattenberg Field.

Schedule 2: Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands, unaudited)

 Successor
 Three Months Ended
September 30, 2018
 Three Months Ended
September 30, 2017
Cash flows from operating activities:   
Net income$43,363  $4,328 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:   
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization10,987  7,350 
Abandonment and impairment of unproved properties430   
Well abandonment costs and dry hole expense  10 
Stock-based compensation1,741  2,646 
Derivative loss16,078  2,762 
Derivative cash settlements(8,322)  
Gain on sale of oil and gas properties(26,720)  
Other(172) 2 
Changes in current assets and liabilities:   
Accounts receivable(22,447) (8,447)
Prepaid expenses and other assets48  (350)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities10,587  7,428 
Settlement of asset retirement obligations(700) (477)
Net cash provided by operating activities24,873  15,252 
Cash flows from investing activities:   
Acquisition of oil and gas properties(634) (92)
Exploration and development of oil and gas properties(65,338) (37,442)
Proceeds from sale of oil and gas properties103,114   
Additions to property and equipment - non oil and gas(60) (506)
Net cash used in investing activities37,082  (38,040)
Cash flows from financing activities:   
Payments to credit facility(60,000)  
Proceeds from exercise of stock options132   
Payment of employee tax withholdings in exchange for the return of common stock(69) (318)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(59,937) (318)
Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash2,018  (23,106)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:   
Beginning of period22,068  54,275 
End of period$24,086  $31,169 


 Successor  Predecessor
 Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2018
 April 29, 2017 through
September 30, 2017
  January 1, 2017 through
April 28, 2017
Cash flows from operating activities:      
Net income$62,092  $748   $2,660 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:      
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization28,059  12,186   28,065 
Non-cash reorganization items     (44,160)
Abandonment and impairment of unproved properties5,409      
Well abandonment costs and dry hole expense  74   2,931 
Stock-based compensation4,933  10,595   2,116 
Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt premium     374 
Derivative loss46,832  2,762    
Derivative cash settlements(19,944)     
Gain on sale of oil and gas properties(26,720)     
Other  7   18 
Changes in current assets and liabilities:      
Accounts receivable(42,823) (2,027)  (6,640)
Prepaid expenses and other assets983  (80)  963 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities9,698  (11,910)  (5,880)
Settlement of asset retirement obligations(1,497) (936)  (331)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities67,022  11,419   (19,884)
Cash flows from investing activities:      
Acquisition of oil and gas properties(1,929) (5,074)  (445)
Exploration and development of oil and gas properties(156,820) (42,355)  (5,123)
Proceeds from sale of oil and gas properties103,134      
Additions to property and equipment - non oil and gas(340) (667)  (454)
Net cash used in investing activities(55,955) (48,096)  (6,022)
Cash flows from financing activities:      
Proceeds from credit facility60,000      
Payments to credit facility(60,000)    (191,667)
Proceeds from sale of common stock     207,500 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options1,100      
Payment of employee tax withholdings in exchange for the return of common stock(863) (2,398)  (427)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities237  (2,398)  15,406 
Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash11,304  (39,075)  (10,500)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:      
Beginning of period12,782  70,246   80,746 
End of period$24,086  $31,171   $70,246 

Schedule 3: Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 Successor
 September 30, 2018 December 31, 2017
ASSETS   
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$24,007  $12,711 
Accounts receivable:   
Oil and gas sales36,085  28,549 
Joint interest and other39,118  3,831 
Prepaid expenses and other5,365  6,555 
Inventory of oilfield equipment1,759  1,019 
Derivative assets134  488 
Total current assets106,468  53,153 
Property and equipment (successful efforts method):   
Proved properties584,672  555,341 
Less: accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization(39,644) (17,032)
Total proved properties, net545,028  538,309 
Unproved properties177,552  183,843 
Wells in progress102,462  47,224 
Other property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $2,382 in 2018 and $2,224 in 20173,766  4,706 
Total property and equipment, net828,808  774,082 
Long-term derivative assets  6 
Other noncurrent assets3,159  3,130 
Total assets$938,435  $830,371 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   
Current liabilities:   
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$72,720  $62,129 
Oil and gas revenue distribution payable16,119  15,667 
Derivative liability34,419  11,423 
Total current liabilities123,258  89,219 
    
Long-term liabilities:   
Credit facility   
Ad valorem taxes25,174  11,584 
Long-term derivative liability6,504  2,972 
Asset retirement obligations for oil and gas properties27,903  38,262 
Total liabilities182,839  142,037 
    
Commitments and contingencies   
    
Stockholders’ equity:   
Preferred stock, $.01 par value, 25,000,000 shares authorized, none outstanding   
Common stock, $.01 par value, 225,000,000 shares authorized, 20,543,940 and 20,453,549 issued and outstanding in 2018 and 2017, respectively4,286  4,286 
Additional paid-in capital694,238  689,068 
Retained earnings (deficit)57,072  (5,020)
Total stockholders’ equity755,596  688,334 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$938,435  $830,371 

Schedule 4: Volumes and Realized Prices (Before and After the Effect of Commodity Hedges)
(unaudited)

 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2018 2017 2018 2017
Wellhead Volumes and Prices       
        
Crude Oil and Condensate Sales Volumes (Bbl/d)       
Rocky Mountains10,135  6,447  9,101  6,632 
Mid-Continent484  1,816  1,246  1,871 
Total10,619  8,263  10,347  8,503 
        
Crude Oil and Condensate Realized Prices ($/Bbl)       
Rocky Mountains$63.26  $43.90  $61.31  $45.27 
Mid-Continent$68.64  $47.63  $65.21  $49.00 
Composite$63.50  $44.72  $61.78  $46.09 
Composite (after derivatives)$55.02  $44.72  $54.66  $46.09 
        
Natural Gas Liquids Sales Volumes (Bbl/d)       
Rocky Mountains3,013  2,842  2,853  3,069 
Mid-Continent136  463  340  470 
Total3,149  3,305  3,193  3,539 
        
Natural Gas Liquids Realized Prices ($/Bbl)       
Rocky Mountains$23.74  $16.31  $20.91  $16.03 
Mid-Continent$37.14  $26.88  $31.76  $24.51 
Composite$24.32  $17.79  $22.06  $17.16 
Composite (after derivatives)$24.32  $17.79  $22.06  $17.16 
        
Natural Gas Sales Volumes (Mcf/d)       
Rocky Mountains21,728  19,459  19,512  20,414 
Mid-Continent2,114  5,982  4,322  6,182 
Total23,842  25,441  23,834  26,596 
        
Natural Gas Realized Prices ($/Mcf)       
Rocky Mountains$2.15  $2.12  $2.24  $2.24 
Mid-Continent$2.93  $3.02  $2.97  $3.11 
Composite$2.22  $2.33  $2.37  $2.44 
Composite (after derivatives)$2.20  $2.33  $2.40  $2.44 
        
Crude Oil Equivalent Sales Volumes (Boe/d)       
Rocky Mountains16,769  12,532  15,206  13,104 
Mid-Continent972  3,276  2,306  3,372 
Total17,741  15,808  17,512  16,476 
        
Crude Oil Equivalent Sales Prices ($/Boe)       
Rocky Mountains$45.28  $29.58  $43.49  $30.15 
Mid-Continent$45.74  $35.71  $45.47  $36.30 
Composite$45.31  $30.85  $43.75  $31.41 
Composite (after derivatives)$40.21  $30.85  $39.58  $31.41 
        
Total Sales Volumes (MBoe)1,632.2  1,454.4  4,781.0  4,481.3 

Schedule 5: Per unit operating margins
(unaudited)

 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2018 2017 Percent Change 2018 2017 Percent Change
Sales volume           
Oil (MBbl)977  760  29% 2,825  2,313  22%
Gas (MMcf)2,193  2,341  (6)% 6,506  7,234  (10)%
NGL (MBbl)290  304  (5)% 872  963  (9)%
Equivalent (MBoe)1,632  1,454  12% 4,781  4,481  7%
            
Realized pricing (before derivatives)           
Oil ($/Bbl)$63.50  $44.72  42% $61.78  $46.09  34%
Gas ($/Mcf)$2.22  $2.33  (5)% $2.37  $2.44  (3)%
NGL ($/Bbl)$24.32  $17.79  37% $22.06  $17.16  29%
Equivalent ($/Boe)$45.31  $30.85  47% $43.75  $31.41  39%
            
Per Unit Costs ($/Boe)           
Realized price equivalent (before derivatives)$45.31  $30.85  47% $43.75  $31.41  39%
Lease operating expense4.87  6.63  (27)% 6.22  6.45  (4)%
Gathering, transportation and processing1.68    % 1.41    %
Gas plant and midstream operating expense1.38  2.24  (38)% 1.91  1.91  %
Severance and ad valorem3.97  1.67  138% 3.72  2.35  58%
Cash general and administrative5.61  8.62  (35)% 5.32  7.52  (29)%
Total cash operating costs$17.51  $19.16  (9)% $18.58  $18.23  2%
Cash operating margin (before derivatives)$27.80  $11.69  138% $25.17  $13.18  91%
Derivative cash settlements(5.10)   % (4.17)   %
Cash operating margin (after derivatives)$22.70  $11.69  94% $21.00  $13.18  59%
            
Non-cash items           
Non-cash general and administrative$1.07  $1.82  (41)% $1.03  $2.84  (64)%

Schedule 6: Adjusted Net Income
(in thousands, except per share amounts, unaudited)

Adjusted net income is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that is used by management to present recurring profitability that is more comparable between periods by excluding items that are non-recurring in nature or items which are not easily estimable. Management believes adjusted net income provides external users of the Company's consolidated financial statements such as industry analysts, investors, creditors, and rating agencies with additional information to assist in their analysis of the Company. The Company defines adjusted net income as net income after adjusting first for (1) the impact of certain non-cash items and one-time transactions and then (2) the non-cash and one time items’ impact on taxes based on a tax rate that approximates the Company's effective tax rate in each period. Adjusted net income is not a measure of net income as determined by GAAP.

The following table presents a reconciliation of the GAAP financial measure of net income to the non-GAAP financial measure of adjusted net income.

  Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2018 2017 2018 2017
Net income $43,363  $4,328  $62,092  $3,408 
Adjustments to net income:        
Derivative loss 16,078  2,762  46,832  2,762 
Derivative cash settlements (8,322)   (19,944)  
Gain on sale of oil and gas properties (26,720)   (26,720)  
Abandonment and impairment of unproved properties 430    5,409   
Exploratory dry hole expense   10    3,005 
Unused commitments     21   
Stock-based compensation (1) 1,741  2,646  4,933  12,711 
Severance costs (1) 279  1,605  279  1,605 
Reorganization items, net       (8,808)
Pre-petition advisory fees (1)       683 
Post-petition restructuring fees (1)   2,317    3,740 
Total adjustments before taxes (16,514) 9,340  10,810  15,698 
Income tax effect        
Total adjustments after taxes $(16,514) $9,340  $10,810  $15,698 
         
Adjusted net income $26,849  $13,668  $72,902  $19,106 
Adjusted net income per diluted share (2) $1.30  $0.67  $3.54  $0.93 
         
Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding (2) 20,631  20,447  20,587  20,438 
         
(1) Included as a portion of general and administrative expense in the consolidated statements of operations.
(2) For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017, the Company used the Successor's diluted weighted average share count to calculate adjusted net income per diluted share.

Schedule 7: Adjusted EBITDAX
(in thousands, unaudited)

Adjusted EBITDAX is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that is used by management to provide a metric of the Company's ability to internally generate funds for exploration and development of oil and gas properties. The metric excludes items which are non-recurring in nature and/or items which are not reasonably estimable. Management believes adjusted EBITDAX provides external users of the Company’s consolidated financial statements such as industry analysts, investors, lenders, and rating agencies with additional information to assist in their analysis of the Company. The Company defines Adjusted EBITDAX as earnings before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation, depletion, amortization, impairment, exploration expenses and other similar non-cash and non-recurring charges. Adjusted EBITDAX is not a measure of net income or cash flows as determined by GAAP.

The following table presents a reconciliation of the GAAP financial measure of net income to the non-GAAP financial measure of Adjusted EBITDAX.

  Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2018 2017 2018 2017
Net income $43,363  $4,328  $62,092  $3,408 
Exploration (6)   244  4,058 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization 10,987  7,350  28,059  40,251 
Abandonment and impairment of unproved properties 430    5,409   
Unused commitments     21   
Stock-based compensation (1) 1,741  2,646  4,933  12,711 
Severance costs (1) 279  1,605  279  1,605 
Interest expense 608  265  1,770  6,116 
Derivative loss 16,078  2,762  46,832  2,762 
Derivative cash settlements (8,322)   (19,944)  
Gain on sale of oil and gas properties (26,720)   (26,720)  
Pre-petition advisory fees (1)       683 
Post-petition restructuring fees (1)   2,317    3,740 
Reorganization items, net       (8,808)
Adjusted EBITDAX $38,438  $21,273  $102,975  $66,526 
         
(1) Included as a portion of general and administrative expense in the consolidated statements of operations.

Schedule 8: Recurring Cash G&A
(in thousands, unaudited)

Recurring cash G&A is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that is used by management to provide only the cash portion of its G&A expense, which can be used to evaluate cost management and operating efficiency on a comparable basis from period to period. Management believes Recurring cash G&A provides external users of the Company’s consolidated financial statements such as industry analysts, investors, lenders, and rating agencies with additional information to assist in their analysis of the Company. The Company defines recurring cash G&A as GAAP general and administrative expense exclusive of the Company's stock based compensation and one-time charges, such as severance costs and advisor fees. The Company refers to recurring cash G&A to provide typical cash G&A costs that are planned for in a given period. Recurring cash G&A is not a fully inclusive measure of general and administrative expense as determined by GAAP.

The following table presents a reconciliation of the GAAP financial measure of general and administrative expense to the non-GAAP financial measure of recurring cash G&A.

  Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2018 2017 2018 2017
General and administrative $10,899  $15,181  $30,350  $46,412 
Stock-based compensation (1,741) (2,646) (4,933) (12,711)
Cash G&A $9,158  $12,535  $25,417  $33,701 
Pre-petition restructuring fees       (683)
Post-petition restructuring fees   (2,317)   (2,317)
Other non-recurring expense (279) (1,605) (279) (1,606)
Recurring Cash G&A $8,879  $8,613  $25,138  $29,095 

Schedule 9: PV10 Value
PV-10 values are non-GAAP financial measures as defined by the SEC. The Company believes that the presentation of PV-10 value is relevant and useful to its investors because it presents the discounted future net cash flows attributable to reserves prior to taking into account corporate future income taxes and the Company's current tax structure. The Company further believes investors and creditors use pre-tax PV-10 values as a basis for comparison of the relative size and value of its reserves as compared with other companies.

The GAAP financial measure most directly comparable to pre-tax PV-10 is the standardized measure of discounted future net cash flows ("Standardized Measure"). With respect to PV-10 calculated as of an interim date, GAAP does not provide for disclosure of standardized measure on an interim basis. It is not practical to calculate the taxes for the related interim period.